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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Anthistiriinae
Genus: Themeda
Sectiones: T. sect. Primothemedae – T. sect. Themeda

Species: T. anathera – T. arguens – T. arundinacea – T. avenacea – T. caudata – T. cymbaria – T. gigantea – T. helferi – T. hookeri – T. huttonensis – T. idjenensis – T. intermedia – T. laxa – T. minor – T. mooneyi – T. novoguineensis – T. pseudotremula – T. quadrivalvis – T. sabarimalayana – T. saxicola – T. tremula – T. triandra – T. trichiata – T. unica – T. villosa – T. yunnanensis

Themeda Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 178 (1775)
Type species: Themeda triandra Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 178 (1775)


Anthistiria L.f., Nov. Gram. Gen.: 35 (1779)
Perobachne J.Presl in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 348 (1830)
Androscepia Brongn. in L.I.Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan.: 77 (1831)
Aristaria Jungh., Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 7: 296 (1840)
Heterelytron Jungh., Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 7: 294 (1840)


Forsskål, P. (†). 1775. Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica. Sive descriptiones plantarum, quas per Aegyptum inferiorem et Arabiam felicem detexit, illustravit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Ex officina Mölleri, Hauniae [Copenhagen]. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.41 BHL Reference page. : 178.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Themeda in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Dec. 2. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Themeda. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Dec. 2. 2013. Themeda. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Dec. 2.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Themeda. Published online. Accessed: 2 Dec. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: Kangaroo Grass

Themeda is a genus of plants in the grass family native to Asia, Africa, Australia, and Papuasia. There are about 18[2] to 26[3] species, many of which are native to Southeast Asia.[2][4]


Themeda anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. - Afghanistan, Himalayas, Tibet
Themeda arguens (L.) Hack. - Christmas grass - Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, northern Australia
Themeda arundinacea (Roxb.) A.Camus - Indochina, southern China, Indian Subcontinent, Malaysia, Indonesia
Themeda avenacea (F. Muell.) Maiden & Betche - oat kangaroo grass - Australia
Themeda caudata (Nees ex Hook. & Arn.) A.Camus - Indochina, southern China, Himalayas, Malaysia,, Indonesia, Philippines
Themeda cymbaria Hack. - Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Kerala
Themeda gigantea (Cav.) Hack. - Southeast Asia, Papuasia, New Caledonia, Vanuatu
Themeda helferi Hack. - Myanmar, Andaman Islands, Yunnan
Themeda hookeri (Griseb.) A.Camus - Tibet, Yunnan, eastern Himalayas
Themeda huttonensis Bor - Assam
Themeda idjensis Jansen - Java Timur, Bali
Themeda intermedia (Hack.) Bor - Southeast Asia, China, Indian Subcontinent, Papuasia, Queensland, Vanuatu
Themeda laxa (Andersson) A.Camus Indian Subcontinent
Themeda minor L.Liou - Tibet
Themeda mooneyi Bor - Odisha
Themeda novoguineensis (Reeder) Jansen - Papua New Guinea, Lesser Sunda Islands
Themeda palakkadensis Chorghe, Prasad & Lakshminarasimhan - Kerala[7]
Themeda pseudotremula Potdar et al. - Maharashtra
Themeda quadrivalvis- grader grass (L.) Kuntze - Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Andaman Islands; naturalized in Socotra, South Africa, eastern Indochina, Papuasia, Queensland, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, various islands (Indian and Pacific Oceans, West Indies)
Themeda sabarimalayana Sreek. & V.J.Nair - India
Themeda saxicola Bor - Odisha
Themeda strigosa (Ham. ex Hook.f.) A.Camus - India, Bangladesh
Themeda tremula (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. - India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh
Themeda triandra Forssk.- kangaroo grass, red grass, rooigras - Africa (from Morocco to KwaZulu-Natal), Asia (from Yemen to Japan to Maluku), Australia, New Guinea
Themeda trichiata S.L.Chen & T.D.Zhuang - Guangxi, Yunnan, Hainan
Themeda unica S.L.Chen & T.D.Zhuang - Anhui, Zhejiang
Themeda villosa (Poir.) A.Camus - silky kangaroo grass, Lyon's grass - China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Philippines,, Indonesia, New Guinea
Themeda yunnanensis S.L.Chen & T.D.Zhuang - Yunnan

Formerly included[1]
See Elymandra, Germainia, Hyparrhenia, Iseilema

Themeda capitata - Germainia capitata
Themeda capitata var. thorelii - Germainia thorelii
Themeda effusa - Hyparrhenia familiaris
Themeda foliosa - Hyparrhenia bracteata
Themeda gossweileri - Elymandra gossweileri
Themeda prostrata - Iseilema prostratum

Wikispecies has information related to Themeda.

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Barkworth, M. E. Themeda. Grass Manual. Flora of North America.
Potdar, G. G., et al. (2003). A new species of Themeda Forssk. (Poaceae) from India. Kew Bulletin 58(1) 243-46.
Forsskål, Pehr. 1775. Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica 178 in Latin
The Plant List search for Themeda
Atlas of Living Australia, Themeda Forssk. Kangaroo Grass
"Themeda palakkadensis (Poaceae: Panicoideae) • A New Species from Kerala State, India".

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