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Wrightia antidysenterica (2255880465)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Apocynoideae
Tribus: Wrightieae
Genus: Wrightia
Species: Wrightia antidysenterica
Name

Wrightia antidysenterica (L.) R.Br. (1810)
Synonyms

Basionym
Nerium antidysentericum L., Sp. pl. 1: 209 (1753).
Homotypic
Echites antidysentericus (L.) Roxb., Asiat. Res. 11: 166 (1810).
Walidda antidysenterica (L.) Pichon, Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Bot. 1: 74 (1951).
Heterotypic
Nerium zeylanicum L., Cent. pl. II: 12 (1756).
Nerium divaricatum Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 142 (1790), nom. illeg.
Wrightia zeylanica (L.) R. Br., Asclepiadeae 63 (1810).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
Sri Lanka.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Brown, R. (1810) On the Asclepiadeae. London 63. (Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1: 74.)

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Wrightia antidysenterica. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sep 26. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Wrightia antidysenterica in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sep 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Wrightia antidysenterica. Published online. Accessed: Sep 26 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Wrightia antidysenterica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sep 26.
Tropicos.org 2018. Wrightia antidysenterica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sep 26.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Wrightia antidysenterica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
ไทย: พุดพิชญา
Tiếng Việt: Mai chỉ thiên

Wrightia antidysenterica, the coral swirl or tellicherry bark, is a flowering plant in the genus Wrightia. Wrightia antidysenterica is sometimes confused with the species Holarrhena pubescens due to a second, taxonomically invalid publication of the name Holarrhena pubescens. It has long been known in Indian Ayurvedic tradition. It is known in Sanskrit as kuṭaja or ambikā[1] and in Sinhala it is called වල් ඉද්ද (wal idda). It is also known as "white angel" in the Philippines and in Thailand it is called "พุดพิชญา" (pudpitchaya).
Medicinal use

Wrightia antidysenterica may be useful in treating gut motility disorders.[2]
Construction

The juice of this plant is a potent ingredient for a mixture of wall plaster, according to the Samarāṅgaṇa Sūtradhāra, which is a Sanskrit treatise dealing with Śilpaśāstra (Hindu science of art and construction).[3]
References

Monier-Williams, Monier (1899). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary: Etymologically and Philologically Arranged with Special Reference to Cognate Indo-European Languages. Oxford: Clarendon Press. OCLC 685239912.
Gilani AH, Khan A, Khan AU, Bashir S, Rehman NU, Mandukhail SU (2010). "Pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Holarrhena antidysenterica in gut motility disorders". Pharm. Biol. 48 (11): 1240–6. doi:10.3109/13880201003727960. PMID 20822397.
Nardi, Isabella (2007). The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting. Routledge. p. 121. ISBN 978-1134165230.

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