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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Xyridaceae
Genera: Abolboda - Achlyphila - Aratitiyopea - Orectanthe - Xyris
Name

Xyridaceae C.A. Agardh Aphor. Bot. 158. (1823)
Typus: Xyris L. Sp. Pl. 1: 42. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Abolbodaceae Nakai

References

Agardh, C.A. 1823. Aphorismi Botanici, 158.
Wanderley, M.G.L. 2011. Flora da Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais: Xyridaceae. Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 29. [1].
Kral, R. 1998. Xyridaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae) 461-469.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Xyridaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 21. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Xyridaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 21. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2013. Xyridaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Sept. 16.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Xyridaceae. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.
Friedrich A. Lohmueller: The Botanical System of the Plants[2]

Vernacular names
English: Yellow-eyed Grass Family
русский: Ксирисовые
中文: 黄眼草科

The Xyridaceae are a family of flowering plants. This family has been recognized by many taxonomists and is known as the yellow-eyed grass family.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system of 1998), also recognizes this family, and assigns it to the order Poales in the clade commelinids, in the monocots. This treatment in APG II represents a slight change from the APG system of 1998, which had recognized the family Abolbodaceae for some of the plants included here; that family was unplaced as to order, but was assigned to this same clade (although APG used the spelling "commelinoids").

The family contains almost 400 species in five genera,[2] but most of the species are found in the genus Xyris (see also Abolboda). The species are mostly tropical and subtropical.

The Cronquist system of 1981 also recognized such a family and placed it in the order Commelinales in the subclass Commelinidae in class Liliopsida in division Magnoliophyta.

The Wettstein system, last updated in 1935, placed the family in order Enantioblastae.

Xyris torta, twisted yellow-eyed grass, is on Minnesota's endangered species list.

In 2021 it was discovered that Fusarium xyrophilum was able to hijack a South American species of yellow-eyed Xyris grass, creating fake flowers, fooling bees and other pollinating insects into visiting them, taking fungal spores to other plants.[3]

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Simons, Paul (17 February 2021). "Plantwatch: fungus creates fake fragrant flowers to fool bees". the Guardian. Retrieved 18 February 2021.

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