Zingiberales

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Commelinidae
Ordo: Zingiberales
Familia: Cannaceae - Costaceae - Heliconiaceae - Lowiaceae - Marantaceae - Musaceae - Strelitziaceae - Zingiberaceae

Name

Zingiberales Griseb.

Synonyms

* Amomales
* Cannales
* Lowiales
* Musales

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Deutsch: Ingwerartige
日本語: ショウガ目
中文: 姜目

Zingiberales is an order of flowering plants. The order has been widely recognised by the taxonomists, at least for the past few decades. This order includes many familiar plants like ginger, cardamom, turmeric, galangal and myoga of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family, and bananas and plantains of the Musaceae or banana family, along with arrowroot of the Marantaceae or arrowroot family.

It is considered that the Zingiberales together with the Commelinales evolved around 80 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), recognises this order and assigns it to the clade commelinids, in the monocots. It is circumscribed as:

* order Zingiberales

family Cannaceae
family Costaceae
family Heliconiaceae
family Lowiaceae
family Marantaceae
family Musaceae
family Strelitziaceae
family Zingiberaceae

The Cronquist system, also recognised this order consisting of the same eight families, but organized the order in the subclass Zingiberidae of the class Liliopsida [=monocotyledons].

Earlier systems, such as the Wettstein system, last revised in 1935, and the Engler system, updated in 1964, recognised a similar order (containing the same plants, although divided over fewer families) Scitamineae.

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