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Journal of Biological Chemistry

The Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBC) is a scientific journal founded in 1905 and published since 1925 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It publishes research in any area of biochemistry or molecular biology, both in print and online, weekly. The Editor-in-Chief is Herbert Tabor, who is supported by a board of 28 Associate Editors and an Editorial Board of 693 members. All its articles are available free one year after publication. In press articles are available free on its website immediately after acceptance.

Founding

The journal was founded in 1905 by John Jacob Abel and Christian Archibald Herter, who also served as the first editors. They sent letters to 21 other American biochemists, inviting them to join the founding editorial board. This founding board (which eventually numbered 22 in addition to Abel and Herter), consisted of: R. H. Chittenden, Otto Folin, William J. Gies, Reid Hunt, Walter Jones, J. H. Kastle, Waldemar Koch, P. A. Levene, Jacques Loeb, Graham Lusk, A. B. Macallum, J. J. R. Macleod, A. P. Mathews, L. B. Mendel, F. G. Novy, W. R. Orndorff, T. B. Osborne, Franz Pfaff, A. E. Taylor, V. C. Vaughan, A. J. Wakeman, H. L. Wheeler.

The first issue appeared in October 1905.
Editors

* 1906–1909: John Jacob Abel and Christian Archibald Herter
* 1909–1910: Christian Archibald Herter[1]
* 1910–1914: Alfred Newton Richards
* 1914–1925: Donald D. Van Slyke
* 1925–1936: Stanley R. Benedict[2]
* 1937–1958: Rudolph J. Anderson
* 1958–1967: John T. Edsall
* 1968–1971: William Howard Stein[3]
* 1971–present: Herbert Tabor

Publishing history

Other people associated with the journal included Henry Drysdale Dakin, E. V. McCollum, Hans Thacher Clarke, Konrad Emil Bloch, Efraim Racker, and Mildred Cohn. The location of the journal's editorial offices has included Cornell Medical College (until 1937), Yale University (1937–1958), Harvard University (1958–1967), and New York (from 1967). The journal is currently published by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the FASEB campus in Bethesda, Maryland.
Ranking and criticism of impact factor

The editors of the Journal of Biological Chemistry have criticized the modern reliance upon impact factor, noting that review articles, commentaries, and retractions are included in the calculation. Further, the denominator of total articles published encourages journals to be overly selective in what they publish, and preferentially publish articles which will receive more attention and citations.

The journal's practice of publishing a broad cross-section of biochemistry articles has led it to suffer in impact factor, ranking 260 of 6,164, while remaining the most highly cited journal. The impact factor of the journal in 2005 was 5.854.[4] When the science journals were evaluated with a PageRank-based algorithm, however, the Journal of Biological Chemistry ranked first.[5]
References and notes

1. ^ Died in office.
2. ^ Died in office. John T. Edsall served as temporary editor until the next editor was appointed.
3. ^ Disabled by severe illness in 1969, but did not resign until 1971.
4. ^ Journal Citation Reports, 2006
5. ^ Hascall VC, Hanson RW. JBC on Journal Ranking.

External links

List of scientific journals in chemistry

Chemistry

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