Hellenica World

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Astronomy and space exploration

January 17 - Explosion of a Delta II rocket carrying a military GPS payload shortly after liftoff from Cape Canaveral.
February 13 - Tune-up and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope is started by astronauts from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
March 8 - Total solar eclipse
March 24 - partial lunar eclipse
July 4 - Mars Pathfinder lands on the surface of Mars
August 25 - Launch of Explorer 71 of the Explorer program of spacecraft
September 2 - Partial solar eclipse
September - Total lunar eclipse
October 30 - First successful test flight of the ESA's Ariane 5 expendable launch system

Aviation

September 7 - First test flight of the f26

Biology

February 22 - In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned and was born in July 1996
March 4 - United States President Bill Clinton bars federal funding for any research on human cloning
April 25 - Scientists announce that Human artificial chromosomes have been created.
July 10 - In London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago
November 19 - In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive, and the first in which all survived infancy.

Computer science

May 11 - IBM's Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov, the first time a computer defeated a chess grand master in a match. Deep Blue had defeated Kasparov before, but had never won a match against him.

Geology

May 10 - An earthquake near Ardekul in northeastern Iran kills at least 2,400.

Medicine

Food and Drug Administration approval of daclizumab, the first humanized antibody therapeutic.[1]

Paleontology

Megalosaurus and Cetiosaurus footprints are identified at Ardley, Oxfordshire, England, by Christopher Jackson.

Technology

October 15 - The first supersonic land speed record is set by the ThrustSSC team from the United Kingdom.

Deaths

January 17 – Clyde Tombaugh (b. 1906), astronomer, discoveror of Pluto.
April 7 – Georgi Shonin (b. 1935), cosmonaut.
May 2 – John Carew Eccles (b. 1903), psychologist.
July 4 – J. Z. Young (b. 1907), zoologist and neurophysiologist.
August 23 – Sir John Kendrew (b. 1917), molecular biologist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
August 24 – Louis Essen (b. 1908), physicist, co-developer of the first practical atomic clock.
September 4 – Hans Eysenck (b. 1916), psychologist.

References

^ Waldman, Thomas A. (2003). "Immunotherapy: past, present and future" (PDF). Nature Medicine 9 (3): 269–277. doi:10.1038/nm0303-269. PMID 12612576.

12 January 1997 discovery of 31086 Gehringer

13 August 1997 discovery of 31110 Clapas

19 August 1997 discovery of 31113 Stull

21 September 1997 discovery of 31122 Brooktaylor

27 December 1997 discovery of 31189 Tricomi

29 December 1997 discovery of 31192 Aigoual

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13 February 1997 Death of Robert Herman

16 February 1997 Death of Chien-Shiung Wu

4 March 1997 Death of Robert Henry Dicke in Princeton, New Jersey, USA

7 March 1997 Death of Edward Mills Purcell

20 April 1997 Death of John Henry Barrows Irwin in Tucson, Arizona, USA

26 July 1997 Death of Kunihiko Kodaira

23 August 1997 Death of Sir John Cowdery Kendrew

10 December 1997, Death of Frank Bradshaw Wood in Gainesville, Florida, USA

1997 Death of Alfred Hershey

1997 Death of Lord Alexander Robertus Todd

Nobel Prize

Physics to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light"

Chemistry to Paul Delos Boyer and John Ernest Walker "for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" and to Jens Christian Skou "for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase"

Physiology or Medicine to Stanley B. Prusiner "for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection"

Popular Science Feb 1997

Popular Science Mar 1997

Popular Science Apr 1997

Popular Science May 1997

Popular Science Aug 1997

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Chronology

1996- 1997 - 1998

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