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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Gekkota
Infraordo: Gekkomorpha
Superfamilia: Gekkonoidea

Familia: Sphaerodactylidae
Genus: Gonatodes
Species (34): G. albogularis – G. alexandermendesi – G. annularis – G. antillensis – G. astralis – G. atricucullaris – G. castanae – G. caudiscutatus – G. ceciliae – G. chucuri – G. concinnatus – G. daudini – G. eladioi – G. falconensis – G. hasemani – G. humeralis – G. infernalis – G. lichenosus – G. ligiae – G. machelae – G. nascimentoi – G. naufragus – G. ocellatus – G. petersi – G. purpurogularis – G. rayito – G. riveroi – G. rozei – G. seigliei – G. superciliaris – G. taniae – G. tapajonicus – G. timidus – G. vittatus

Gonatodes Fitzinger, 1843: 18

Type species: Gymnodactylus albogularis Duméril & Bibron, 1836, by original designation.

Primary references

Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium. Fasciculus primus. Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel: Wien. vi + 106 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Gamble, T., Simons, A.M., Colli, G.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2008. Tertiary climate change and the diversification of the Amazonian gecko genus Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46(1): 269–277. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2007.08.013 Paywall Reference page.
Rojas-Runjaic, F.J.M., Infante-Rivero, E.E., Cabello, P. & Velozo, P. 2010. A new non-sexually dichromatic species of the genus Gonatodes (Sauria: Sphaerodactylidae) from Sierra de Perijá, Venezuela. Zootaxa 2671: 1–16. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2671.1.1 Paywall
Schargel, W.E., Rivas, G.A., Makowsky, R., Señaris, J.C., Natera, M.A., Barros, T.R., Molina, C.R., Barrio-Amorós, C.L. 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of the genus Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in the Guayana Region, with description of a new species from Venezuela. Systematics and Biodiversity 8(3): 312–339. DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2010.504757 Paywall Reference page.
Kok, P.J.R. 2011. A new species of the genus Gonatodes Fitzinger, 1843 (Reptilia: Sphaerodactylidae) from central Guyana, northern South America. Zootaxa 3018(1): 1–12. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3018.1.1 Paywall Reference page.
Sturaro, M.J. & Ávila-Pires, T.C.S. 2011. Taxonomic revision of the geckos of the Gonatodes concinnatus complex (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae), with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2869: 1–36. Preview. Reference page.
Rivero-Blanco, C. & Schargel, W.E. 2012. A strikingly polychromatic new species of Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from northern Venezuela. Zootaxa 3518: 66–78. Preview Reference page.
Rivas, G.A., Ugueto, G.N., Schargel, W.E., Barros, T.R., Velozo, P. & Sánchez, L.E. 2013. A distinctive new species of Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from Isla La Blanquilla, Venezuela, with remarks on the distribution of some other Caribbean sphaerodactylid lizard. South American Journal of Herpetology 8(1): 5–18. DOI: 10.2994/SAJH-D-12-18212.1 Reference page.
Schargel, W.E., Rivas, G.A., García-Pérez, J.E., Rivero-Blanco, C., Chippindale, P.T. & Fujita, M.K. 2017. A new species of Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the western versant of the Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuela. Zootaxa 4291(3): 549–562. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4291.3.7 Paywall Reference page.
Rivero-Blanco, C. & Schargel, W.E.. 2020. A new diurnal gecko in the genus Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from Margarita Island, Venezuela. Zootaxa 4729(3): 429–439. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4729.3.9 Paywall Reference page.
Meneses-Pelayo, E. & Ramírez, J.P. 2020. A new species of the genus Gonatodes (Squamata: Sauria: Sphaerodactylidae) from the western flank of the Cordillera Oriental in Colombia, with description of its hemipenial morphology. Zootaxa 4729(2): 207–227. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4729.2.4 Paywall Reference page.
Carvajal-Cogollo, J.E., Eguis-Avendaño, J.A. & Meza-Joya, F.L. 2020. A new diurnal gecko in the genus Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the foothills of the Serranía de San Lucas, Norosí-Colombia. Zootaxa 4877(2): 345–360. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4877.2.7 Paywall Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2023. Gonatodes . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 5 January 2023.

Vernacular names
English: Neotropical Clawed Geckos

Gonatodes is a genus of New World dwarf geckos of the family Sphaerodactylidae.[3][4]

The majority of the species in the genus Gonatodes are diurnally active, scansorial, and sexually dichromatic, with adult body size (snout–vent length) ranging from 28 to 65 mm (1.1 to 2.6 in) for known species.

The diets of the various species of Gonatodes are composed mainly of very small arthropods.

Clutch size is one, with most species producing several clutches per year, and some utilizing communal egg-laying sites.

Most species are humid tropical forest dwelling (some in warm lowlands, and others in somewhat cooler montane regions), with relatively fewer species utilizing more open, drier habitats at forest edge, tropical dry seasonal forest and scrub forest. Some species (usually those that use drier natural habitats) are able to utilize even more open human modified environments; in some cases including highly urbanized areas. Gonatodes usually spend most of their active hours perched anywhere from ground level to about 0.6 metres (2 feet) above ground, sometimes up to 2 or 3 metres (6.6 or 9.8 feet), on vertical or near vertical surfaces of tree trunks, tree stumps, logs and sometimes rocks (as well as on walls and house-posts for those that are able to use human altered environments). They seldom sit exposed to direct strong sunlight (they do not appear to bask), and most seem to prefer shade or less exposure to direct sun light.[citation needed]
Geographic range

Species of Gonatodes are found in Central America including southern Mexico, a few Caribbean Islands (including Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Union Island in St. Vincent and the Grenadines) and the northern part of South America, including Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, parts of Brazil, Venezuela, the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, and some of the small islands just off the cost of northern South America.[citation needed]
Introduced species

Human mediated introductions have occurred with Gonatodes caudiscutatus in the Galapagos Islands and G. albogularis in Florida. In addition, some species have been transplanted by human activity to various regions within the general range of the genus where the particular species did not previously exist.[citation needed]

The following 34 species are recognized as being valid.[2] Some subspecies are also listed.

Gonatodes albogularis (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836) – white-throated clawed gecko, white-throated gecko, yellow-headed gecko
Gonatodes albogularis albogularis (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836)
Gonatodes albogularis bodinii Rivero-Blanco, 1968
Gonatodes albogularis notatus (J.T. Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862)
Gonatodes alexandermendesi Cole & Kok, 2006
Gonatodes annularis Boulenger, 1887 – annulated gecko
Gonatodes antillensis (Lidth de Jeude, 1887) – Antilles gecko, Venezuelan coastal clawed gecko
Gonatodes astralis Schargel et al., 2010
Gonatodes atricucullaris Noble, 1921 – Cajamarca gecko
Gonatodes castanae Carvajal-Cogollo, Eguis-Avendaño & Meza-Joya, 2020 – Castaño’s Gecko
Gonatodes caudiscutatus (Günther, 1859) – shieldhead gecko
Gonatodes ceciliae Donoso-Barros, 1966 – brilliant clawed gecko, brilliant South American gecko
Gonatodes chucuri Meneses-Pelayo & Ramírez, 2020 – Chucuri gecko
Gonatodes concinnatus (O'Shaughnessy, 1881) – O'Shaughnessy's gecko
Gonatodes daudini Powell & Henderson, 2005 – Grenadines clawed gecko, Union Island clawed gecko, Union Island gecko[5]
Gonatodes eladioi Nascimento, Ávila-Pires & Cunha, 1987 – South American gecko
Gonatodes falconensis Shreve, 1947 – Estado Falcón gecko
Gonatodes hasemani Griffin, 1917 – Haseman's gecko[5]
Gonatodes humeralis (Guichenot, 1855) – South American clawed gecko, Trinidad gecko
Gonatodes infernalis Rivas & Schargel, 2008
Gonatodes lichenosus Rojas-Runjaic et al., 2010 - Perijá lichen gecko
Gonatodes ligiae Donoso-Barros, 1967
Gonatodes machelae Rivero-Blanco & Schargel, 2020
Gonatodes nascimentoi Sturaro & Ávila-Pires, 2011
Gonatodes naufragus Rivas et al., 2013 – La Blanquilla clawed gecko
Gonatodes ocellatus (Gray, 1831) – eyespot clawed gecko, eyespot gecko, ocellated gecko
Gonatodes petersi Donoso-Barros, 1967 – Peters' gecko[5]
Gonatodes purpurogularis Esqueda, 2004
Gonatodes rayito Schargel, Rivas, García-Pérez, Rivero-Blanco, Chippindale & Fujita, 2017
Gonatodes riveroi Sturaro & Ávila-Pires, 2011
Gonatodes rozei Rivero-Blanco & Schargel, 2012 - Roze's gecko
Gonatodes seigliei Donoso-Barros, 1966 – Estado Sucre gecko
Gonatodes superciliaris Barrio-Amorós & Brewer-Carías, 2008 - Sarisariñama forest gecko
Gonatodes taniae Roze, 1963 – Estado Aragua gecko, ring-necked clawed gecko
Gonatodes tapajonicus Rodrigues, 1980 – Pará gecko
Gonatodes timidus Kok, 2011[6]
Gonatodes vittatus (Lichtenstein, 1856) – striped clawed gecko, Wiegmann's striped gecko

Nota bene: A binomial authority or trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species or subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Gonatodes.

"Gonatodes ". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System).
Genus Gonatodes at The Reptile Database
Gamble T, Simons AM, Colli GR, Vitt LJ (2008). "Tertiary climate change and the diversification of the Amazonian gecko genus Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae, Squamata)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 269–277.
Gamble T, Bauer AM, Greenbaum E, Jackman TR (2008). "Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards". Journal of Biogeography 35: 88–104.
Beolens, Bo; Watkin, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Daudin, J.", p. 66; "Haseman", p. 117; "Peters, J.A.", p. 204).

Kok PJR (2011). "A new species of the genus Gonatodes Fitzinger, 1843 (Reptilia: Sphaerodactylidae) from central Guyana, northern South America". Zootaxa 3018: 1-12. (Gonatodes timidus, new species).

Further reading

Fitzinger L (1843). Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae. Vienna: Braumüller & Seidel. 106 pp. + indices. (Gonatodes, new genus, pp. 18, 90-91). (in Latin).

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