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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Scincomorpha
Superfamilia: Scincoidea

Familia: Gerrhosauridae
Subfamilia: Gerrhosaurinae
Genus: Tetradactylus
Species (7): T. africanus – T. breyeri – T. eastwoodae – T. ellenbergeri – T. seps – T. tetradactylus – T. udzungwensis

Tetradactylus Merrem, 1820: 75

Type species: Tetradactylus chalcidicus Merrem, 1820, by monotypy.


Cicigna Gray, 1825: 201
Type species: Sincus [sic] sepiformis Schneider, 1801, by monotypy.

Primary references

Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Johann Christian Krieger: Marburg. xv + 191 pp., 1 pl. BHL Reference page.
Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annals of Philosophy 10: 193–217. BHL Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2023. Tetradactylus . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 23 May 2021.

Vernacular names
English: Whip Lizards

Tetradactylus is a genus of lizards in the family Gerrhosauridae. The genus is endemic to Africa.

The genus Tetradactylus contains the following species which are recognized as being valid.[2]

Tetradactylus africanus Gray, 1838 – African long-tailed seps
Tetradactylus breyeri Roux, 1907 – Breyer's long-tailed seps, vulnerable (VU)
Tetradactylus eastwoodae Hewitt & Methuen, 1913 – Eastwood's long-tailed seps, extinct (EX)
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri (Angel, 1922) – Ellenberger's long-tailed seps
Tetradactylus fitzsimonsi (Hewitt, 1915) – Fitzsimons's long-tailed seps
Tetradactylus seps (Linnaeus, 1758) – short-legged seps
Tetradactylus tetradactylus (Daudin, 1802) – long-toed seps
Tetradactylus udzungwensis Salvidio, Menegon, Sindaco & Moyer, 2004 – Udzungwa long-tailed seps

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally named in a genus other than Tetradactylus.

"Tetradactylus ". Dahms Tierleben.

Genus Tetradactylus at The Reptile Database

Further reading

Berger-Dell'Mour HAE (1983). "Der Übergang von Echse zu Schleiche in der Gattung Tetradactylus, Merrem [=The Transition from Lizard to Legless Lizard in the Genus Tetradactylus, Merrem]". Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere 110: 1–152. (in German).
Boulenger GA (1887). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume III. ... Gerrhosauridæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 575 pp. + Plates I-XL. (Genus Tetradactylus, p. 124).
Branch, Bill (2004). Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Third Revised edition, Second impression. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 399 pp. ISBN 0-88359-042-5. (Genus Tetradactylus, pp. 181–182).
Merrem B (1820). Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien: Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum. Marburg: J.C. Krieger. xv + 191 pp. + one plate. (Tetradactylus, new genus, p. 75). (in German and Latin).

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