Fine Art

Unio pictorum 03

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Bivalvia
Subclassis: Palaeoheterodonta
Ordo: Unionida
Superfamilia: Unionoidea

Familia: Unionidae
Genus: Unio
Species: Unio pictorum

Unio pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758)


Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Unio pictorum. [accessed on 27 June 2020]

Vernacular names
čeština: Velevrub malířský
slovenčina: Korýtko maliarske

Unio pictorum, the painter's mussel, is a species of medium-sized freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.

This species lives in Europe. It is called the "painter's mussel" because the shell was historically used as a conveniently sized and shaped receptacle for holding artist's paint.


The native distribution of this species is Europe and Siberia (Russia).[1]

Czech Republic - in Bohemia, in Moravia,[2] least concern (LC);[3][4] Czech code, Decree for implementation, No. 395/1992 Sb. (and No. 175/2006 Sb.) - Critically Threatened species.
Slovakia[2] - not in red lists
Estonia – frequent.
endangered (gefährdet)[5]
Listed as specially protected species in annex 1 in Bundesartenschutzverordnung.
Netherlands - Common (algemeen)[6][7]
Sweden - not so common, scattered occurrence[8]
British Isles - mostly in England

Biotope: water bodies and slower streams.

Van Damme, D. (2011). "Unio pictorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T155543A4795613. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T155543A4795613.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
(in Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
Juřičková L., Horsák M. & Beran L., 2001: Check-list of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem., 65: 25-40.
"Red List of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic".
(in German) Glöer P. & Meier-Brook C. (2003) Süsswassermollusken. DJN, pp. 134, page 109, ISBN 3-923376-02-2
"Schildersmossel - Unio pictorum".
"Natuurinformatie - Vragen".
Painter's mussel - Naturhistoriska riksmuseet

Mollusca Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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