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Abeliophyllum distichum

Abeliophyllum distichum(*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Forsythieae
Genus: Abeliophyllum
Species: Abeliophyllum distichum

Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai (1919)

Abeliophyllum distichum f. albiflorum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 26. 1922.
Abeliophyllum distichum f. eburneum T.Lee, J. Korean Pl. Taxon. 7(1–2): 22. 1976, nom. inval.
Abeliophyllum distichum f. lilacinum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 26. 1922.
Abeliophyllum distichum f. viridicalycinum T.Lee, J. Korean Pl. Taxon. 7(1–2): 22. 1976, nom. inval.
Abeliophyllum distichum var. obtusicarpum T.Lee, J. Korean Pl. Taxon. 7(1–2): 22. 1976.


Nakai, T. 1919: Bot. Mag. Tokyo 33: 153.
The Plant List 2010. Version 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Sep 22.

Abeliophyllum, the miseonnamu,[2] Korean abeliophyllum,[2] white forsythia, or Korean abelialeaf, is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the olive family, Oleaceae. It consists of one species, Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai, endemic to Korea, where it is endangered in the wild, occurring at only seven sites. It is related to Forsythia, but differs in having white, not yellow, flowers.


It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in – 4 ft 11 in) tall and rounded in outline with multi-stemmed and arching branches. The leaves are opposite, simple, 5–9 cm (2–4 in) long and 3–4.5 cm (1–2 in) wide, pubescent both above and below. The flowers are produced in early spring before the new leaves appear; they are white or pink tinged, and fragrant, about 1–1.5 cm (0–1 in) in diameter, with a four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a round, winged samara 2–3 cm (1–1 in) diameter. Almost looking like an elm tree fruit.[3]

It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in Europe and North America. Hardy to USDA Zone 4.[3]

The genus name of Abeliophyllum is in honour of Clarke Abel (1780–1826), a British surgeon and naturalist.[4] With the latin suffix of 'phyllum' meaning leaf. The Latin specific epithet of distichum means in two ranks, referring to the leaves.[5] It was first described and published in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) Vol.33 on page 153 in 1919.[6]
Conservation status

In 1998, a review of the plant's conservation status found that "it is close to extinction and qualifies for the IUCN Category of 'Critically Endangered', indicating a high risk of extinction in the near future.";[7] but as of 2009 it has not yet been formally assessed for the IUCN Red List.

In 2015, IUCN classed the species as endangered.[1]

Son, S.-W.; Kim, Y.-S.; Kim, H. (2016). "Abeliophyllum distichum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T13188339A13189399. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T13188339A13189399.en. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 332. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
"Abeliophyllum distichum | Landscape Plants | Oregon State University". Retrieved 30 January 2022.
Burkhardt, Lotte (2022). Eine Enzyklopädie zu eponymischen Pflanzennamen [Encyclopedia of eponymic plant names] (pdf) (in German). Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Freie Universität Berlin. doi:10.3372/epolist2022. ISBN 978-3-946292-41-8. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
"Abeliophyllum Nakai | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 30 January 2022.

Kim, Y. S. & Maunder, M. (1998). "Plants in Peril, 24: Abeliophyllum distichum". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 15 (2): 141–146. doi:10.1111/1467-8748.00155.

University of British Columbia Botanical Gardens: Abeliophyllum distichum.

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