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Acer hyrcanum

Acer hyrcanum, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales

Familia: Sapindaceae
Subfamilia: Hippocastanoideae
Tribus: Acereae
Genus: Acer
Sectio: A. sect. Acer
Species: Acer hyrcanum
Subspecies: A. h. subsp. intermedium – A. h. subsp. keckianum – A. h. subsp. reginae-amaliae – A. h. subsp. sphaerocaryum – A. h. subsp. stevenii – A. h. subsp. tauricola

Acer hyrcanum Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 4: 31 (1838).
Additional references

Komarov, V.L. et al. (eds.). 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. 30 vols. Moscow/Leningrad: Botanicheskii institut, Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. Reference page.
Murray, A.E., 1970. A monograph of the Aceraceae. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University. Reference page.
Ketzchoveli, N.N. (ed.) 1983. Flora Gruzii. 2, 8. - Tbilisi. [In Georgian]. Reference page.
Govaerts, R.H.A. 1995. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2). 483, 529 pp. MIM, Deurne. ISBN 90-341-0852-X (issue 1) ISBN 90-341-0853-8 (issue 2). Reference page.
Gagnidze, R. 2005. Vascular plants of Georgia. A nomenclatural checklist. Georgian Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi. ISBN 99940-32-39-9. Reference page.
Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.) 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul. ISBN 978-605-60425-7-7. Online edition. Reference page.
Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatroú, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013. Vascular Plants of Greece: An Annotated Checklist. Englera 31: 1–368. JSTOR PDF Reference page.
De Langhe, J. & Crowley, D. 2017. Acer and Dipteronia: vegetative key to species in cultivation. Ghent University Botanical Garden: 222 p., pdf. Reference page.


USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acer hyrcanum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Crowley, D. & Rivers, M.C. 2018. Acer hyrcanum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. IUCN Red List Category: Least Concern. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T193616A2248156.en.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acer hyrcanum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 January 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Acer hyrcanum. Published online. Accessed: 10 January 2020.

Acer hyrcanum is a maple species sometimes referred to as Balkan maple.[1] It grows in southeastern Europe and western Asia.[2]

Acer hyrcanum is a deciduous tree up to 15 meters (50 feet) tall. Leaves are up to 4 cm (1.6 inches) across, usually 5-lobed but occasionally with only 3 lobes, dark green on top, lighter green underneath because of a layer of wax.[3]


Acer hyrcanum subsp. hyrcanum - Armenia; Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran
Acer hyrcanum subsp. intermedium (Pančić) Palam. - Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece
Acer hyrcanum subsp. keckianum (Asch. & Sint. ex Pax) Yalt. - Turkey
Acer hyrcanum subsp. reginae-amaliae (Orph. ex Boiss.) E.Murray - Greece
Acer hyrcanum subsp. sphaerocaryum Yalt. - Turkey
Acer hyrcanum subsp. stevenii (Pojark.) E.Murray - Crimea
Acer hyrcanum subsp. tauricolum (Boiss. & Balansa) Yalt. - Lebanon; Syria; Turkey


"Acer hyrcanum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. — The Plant List".
The Book of Leaves: A Leaf-by-Leaf Guide to Six Hundred of the World's Great Trees Allen J. Coombes University of Chicago Press, Dec 10, 2014
Bean's Trees and Shrubs, Acer hyrcanum Fisch. & Mey./
"Acer hyrcanum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 January 2018.

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