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Aeonium arboreum

Aeonium arboreum, (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Saxifragales

Familia: Crassulaceae
Subfamilia: Sempervivoideae
Tribus: Aeonieae
Genus: Aeonium
Sectio: A. sect. Aeonium
Species: Aeonium arboreum
Subspecies: A. a. subsp. arboreum – A. a. subsp. holochrysum – A. a. subsp. korneliuslemsii – A. a. subsp. rubrolineatum

Aeonium arboreum (L.) Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.). 3(2:1): 185. 1840.


Sempervivum arboreum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 464. 1753.


A. × wildpretii

Webb, P.B. & Berthelot, S. (1841) Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.). 3(2:1): 185 [1].


Hassler, M. 2019. Aeonium arboreum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 29. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Aeonium arboreum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Aeonium arboreum. Published online. Accessed: November 29 2019.

Vernacular names
suomi: Loistomehipuu
한국어: 청법사

Aeonium arboreum, the tree aeonium,[2] tree houseleek, or Irish rose, is a succulent, subtropical subshrub in the flowering plant family Crassulaceae.

It is an invasive weed in places outside its natural distribution, for example as a garden escape throughout temperate southern Australia.

Aeonium arboreum in a bush setting.

Aeonium arboreum grows as a less branched subshrub and reaches stature heights of up to 2 metres. The more or less upright or ascending, smooth, not net-like patterned stem axes have a diameter of 1 to 3 centimetres.

Their leaves are in flattened rosettes with diameters of 10 to 25 centimetres at the end of the stem axes together. Young leaves are pressed tightly together. The obovate to oblate lanceolate leaf blade is pointed toward its apex and wedge-shaped at the base. It is 130 to 380 mm (5 to 15 in) long, 25 to 115 mm (1 to 4+1⁄2 in) wide and 1.5 to 3 millimetres thick. The green, usually purple-colored, glossy leaf surface is almost bare. The leaf margin is set with curved eyelashes.

The conical to ovate inflorescence has a length of 10 to 25 centimetres and a diameter of 10 to 15 centimetres. The inflorescence stem is 130 to 510 mm (5 to 20 in) long. The flowers sit on a 2-to-12-millimetre-long, slightly fluffy flower stem. Its sepals are also slightly fluff-haired with a pointed top and wedge-shaped base that is smooth and shiny green, red or purple. The yellow, narrow oblong to lanceolate, pointed petals are 5 to 7 millimetres long and 1.5 to 2 millimetres wide. The stamens are bare. It bears rosettes of leaves and large pyramidal panicles of bright yellow flowers in the spring.[3]

The plant is endemic to the western Canary Islands of Tenerife, La Palma, El Hierro, La Gomera and Gran Canaria. The populations found on the Iberian Peninsula, the Moroccan coast and the Mediterranean are likely to be considered neophytes.[4] In temperate regions it needs to be grown under glass.

Aeonium arboreum grows in sunny or slightly shaded places on weathered volcanic soil.[5] The purple cultivar 'Zwartkop' ('Schwartzkopf') has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6] and a variegated form is grown as cultivar 'variegatum'.

The following variety names are accepted.[1]

Aeonium arboreum var. arboreum
Aeonium arboreum var. holochrysum H.Y.Liu
Aeonium arboreum var. rubrolineatum (Svent.) H.Y.Liu


The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 30 July 2016
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Reto Nyffeler: Aeonium . In: Urs Eggli (ed.): Succulent Encyclopedia Volume 4 Crassulaceae (thick-leafed plants) . Eugen Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-8001-3998-7 , p 13.
"International Crassulaceae Network: Aeonium arboreum". International Crassulaceae Network. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Aeonium 'Zwartkop' AGM. Archived 2014-03-28 at the Wayback Machine Royal Horticultural Society

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