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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Allosyncarpia
Species: A. ternata

Allosyncarpia S.T.Blake, Austrobaileya 1: 43 (1977)

monotypic taxon


Blake, S.T. 1977. Allosyncarpia ternata, a new genus and species of Myrtaceae subfamily Leptospermoideae from northern Australia. Austrobaileya 1(1): 43–46. JSTOR Reference page.
Allosyncarpia in: Australian Plant Census (APC) 2021. IBIS database, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Accessed: 2021 Aug. 9.
Bohte, A. & Drinnan, A. 2005. Floral development and systematic position of Arillastrum, Allosyncarpia, Stockwellia and Eucalyptopsis (Myrtaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 251(1): 53–70. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-004-0161-z Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Allosyncarpia. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 1 2016.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Allosyncarpia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Apr. 1. Reference page.

Allosyncarpia ternata, commonly known as an-binik, is a species of rainforest trees constituting part of the botanical family Myrtaceae and included in the eucalypts group. The only species in its genus, it was described in 1981 by Stanley Blake of the Queensland Herbarium. They grow naturally into large, spreading, shady trees, and are endemic to the Northern Territory of Australia. They grow in sandstone gorges along creeks emerging from the Arnhem Land plateau.[1]

The common name anbinik comes from the Kundedjnjenghmi and Kundjeyhmi dialects of Bininj Kunwok, spoken in West Arnhem Land. In other dialects, such as the Kunwinjku spoken in Gunbalanya, the tree is known as manbinik.[2]

Distribution and habitat

The tree dominates the closed monsoon rainforest communities along the sandstone escarpment of the western Arnhem Land Plateau. The distribution of the species appears to be limited to areas not subject to wildfire.[3]

Allosyncarpia dominated rainforest is an important vegetation community along the floristic boundary between the patches of monsoon forest that are sheltered from wildfire, and the fire-tolerant, eucalypt dominated, tropical savannas.[3] A species of sandstone favouring monitor, the long-tailed Varanus glebopalma, is closely associated with Allosyncarpia woodland in some parts of its range.[4]

F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Allosyncarpia ternata". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
Garde, Murray. "manbinik". Bininj Kunwok dictionary. Bininj Kunwok Regional Language Centre. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
Bowman (1991)

Shea, G. & Cogger, H. 2018. Varanus glebopalma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T83778099A101752315. Downloaded on 19 July 2019.

F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Home". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
Bowman, David M. J. S. (1991). "Environmental determinants of Allosyncarpia ternata forests that are endemic to western Arnhem Land, northern Australia". Australian Journal of Botany. 39 (6): 575–589. doi:10.1071/BT9910575.

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