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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Cucurbitales

Familia: Anisophylleaceae
Genus: Anisophyllea

Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 446. (1824)

Type species: Anisophyllea laurina R.Br. ex Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 446. (1824)


Anisophyllum G.Don ex Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl.: 342, 575. 1849, orth. var. – non Anisophyllum Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 283. 1763. – nec Anisophyllum Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 159. 1812.

Tetracrypta Gardner & Champ., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 314. 1849.

Overview of species
Accepted species

A. apetala – A. bakoensis – A. beccariana – A. biokoensis – A. boehmii – A. borneensis – A. brachystila – A. buchneri – A. buettneri – A. cabole – A. chartacea – A. cinnamomoides – A. cordata – A. corneri – A. cuneata – A. curtisii – A. dichostila – A. dinghoui – A. disticha – A. exellii – A. fallax – A. ferruginea – A. fissipetala – A. fruticulosa – A. glandibeccariana – A. glandulipetiolata – A. globosa – A. gossweileri – A. grandis – A. griffithii – A. guianensis – A. impressinervia – A. insularis – A. ismailii – A. laurina – A. madagascarensis – A. manausensis – A. masoalensis – A. mayumbensis – A. meniaudii – A. myriosticta – A. myriostictoides – A. neopurpurascens – A. nitida – A. obanica – A. obtusifolia – A. parafallax – A. penninervata – A. pochetii – A. poggei – A. polyneura – A. pomifera – A. purpurascens – A. quangensis – A. rengamensis – A. reticulata – A. rhomboidea – A. rubroglandula – A. sabahensis – A. sarawakensis – A. schatzii – A. scortechinii – A. sessiliflora – A. sororia – A. strychnoides – A. sumatrana
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Anisophyllea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Oct. 29. Reference page.

Names in synonymy

Anisophyllea brachystila – A. buettneri – A. cavaleriei – A. exellii – A. flavicans – A. fruticulosa – A. gaudichaudiana – A. gossweileri – A. grandifolia – A. pochetii – A. poggei – A. pomifera – A. rhomboidea – A. thouarsiana – A. tomentosa – A. zeylanica – Tetracrypta cinnamomoides ...

Brown, R. 1824. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 5: 446.
Chen, X., He, H. & Zhang, L.B. 2015. A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea. Phytotaxa 229(1): 1-189. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.229.1.1 Paywall Reference page.
Ding Hou. 1958. Rhizophoraceae. Pp. 429–493 in Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.), Flora Malesiana, Ser. I, Vol. 5(4). Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta. BHL Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Anisophyllea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Oct. 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Anisophyllea. Published online. Accessed: 16 March 2019.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Anisophyllea.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Anisophyllea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2019-03-16.
Hassler, M. 2019. Anisophyllea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 March 16. Reference page. 2019. Anisophyllea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 16 March 2019.
African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Anisophyllea. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Accessed: 16 March 2019.

Anisophyllea is a genus of plant in the family Anisophylleaceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "unequal leaf", referring to the dimorphism of the leaves.[2]


Anisophyllea species grow as shrubs or trees. The bark is smooth to flaky. The flowers are unisexual. The fruits are drupes (pitted) and are ellipsoid or pear-shaped.[2]
Distribution and habitat

Anisophyllea species are distributed widely throughout the tropics, including Africa, India, Sri Lanka, mainland Southeast Asia, Sumatra and Borneo. Their habitat is lowland and hill forests from sea-level to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) altitude.[2]

As of June 2014 The Plant List recognises about 36 accepted species:[3]

Anisophyllea apetala Scort. ex King
Anisophyllea beccariana Baill.
Anisophyllea boehmii Engl.
Anisophyllea buchneri Engl. & Brehmer
Anisophyllea buettneri Engl.
Anisophyllea cabole Henriq.
Anisophyllea chartacea Madani
Anisophyllea cinnamomoides (Gardner & Champ.) Alston
Anisophyllea corneri Ding Hou
Anisophyllea curtisii King
Anisophyllea dichostila Engl. & Brehmer
Anisophyllea disticha (Jack) Baill.
Anisophyllea fallax Scott-Elliot
Anisophyllea ferruginea Ding Hou
Anisophyllea glandulifolia Madani
Anisophyllea globosa Madani
Anisophyllea grandis (Benth.) Burkill
Anisophyllea griffithii Oliv.
Anisophyllea guianensis Sandwith
Anisophyllea impressinervia Madani
Anisophyllea ismailii J.A.McDonald
Anisophyllea laurina R.Br. ex Sabine
Anisophyllea manausensis Pires & W.A.Rodrigues
Anisophyllea meniaudii Aubrév. & Pellegr.
Anisophyllea myriosticta Floret
Anisophyllea nitida Madani
Anisophyllea obtusifolia Engl. & Brehmer
Anisophyllea penninervata J.E.Vidal
Anisophyllea polyneura Floret
Anisophyllea pomifera Engl. & Brehmer
Anisophyllea purpurascens Hutch. & Dalziel
Anisophyllea quangensis Engl. ex Henriq.
Anisophyllea reticulata Kochummen
Anisophyllea rhomboidea Baill.
Anisophyllea scortechinii King
Anisophyllea sororia Pierre
Anisophyllea thouarsiana Baill.


"Genus: Anisophyllea R. Br. ex Sabine". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 17 September 1996. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
Wong, K. M.; Madani, L. (1995). "Anisophyllea R. Br. ex Sabine". In Soepadmo, E.; Wong, K. M. (eds.). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). Vol. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 16–23, 25. ISBN 983-9592-34-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
"Anisophyllea". The Plant List. Retrieved 4 June 2014.

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