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Ariocarpus retusus (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Genus: Ariocarpus
Species: Ariocarpus retusus


Ariocarpus retusus Scheidw., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 5: 492 (t. 1). 1838.


Anhalonium areolosum Lem.
Anhalonium elongatum Salm-Dyck
Anhalonium furfuraceum (S.Watson) J.M.Coult.
Anhalonium prismaticum Lem.
Anhalonium pulvilligerum Lem.
Anhalonium retusum Salm-Dyck
Ariocarpus confusus Halda & Horácek
Ariocarpus elongatus (Salm-Dyck) Wettst.
Ariocarpus elongatus subsp. horacekii (Halda) Halda
Ariocarpus furfuraceus (S.Watson) H.S.Thomps.
Ariocarpus furfuraceus f. cristata Fric
Ariocarpus furfuraceus var. rostratus A.Berger
Ariocarpus prismaticus (Lem.) Cobbold
Ariocarpus pulvilligeris (Monv. ex C.F.Först. & Rümpler) K.Schum.
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. confusus (Halda & Horácek) Lüthy
Ariocarpus retusus var. furfuraceus (S.Watson) G.Frank
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. horacekii Halda & Panar.
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. jarmilae Halda, Horácek & Panar.
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. panarottoi Halda & Horácek
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. pectinatus Weisbarth
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. scapharostroides Halda & Horácek
Ariocarpus retusus subsp. sladkovskyi Halda & Kupcák
Ariocarpus trigonus var. elongatus (Salm-Dyck) Backeb.
Ariocarpus trigonus var. horacekii Halda
Cactus areolosus Kuntze
Cactus prismaticus (Hemsl.) Kuntze
Cactus procerus (C.Ehrenb.) Kuntze
Mammillaria areolosa Hemsl.
Mammillaria elongata Hemsl.
Mammillaria furfuracea S.Watson
Mammillaria prismatica Hemsl.
Mammillaria procera C.Ehrenb.
Mammillaria pulvilligera Monv. ex C.F.Först. & Rümpler
Mammillaria purpuracea S.Watson

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Northeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Scheidweiler, M.J.F. (1838) Bulletins de l’Académie Royale des Sciences et Belles-Lettres de Bruxelles 5: 492, t. 1.

Additional references

Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Ariocarpus retusus in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 12. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Ariocarpus retusus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 04. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Ariocarpus retusus. Published online. Accessed: Mar 04 2021. 2021. Ariocarpus retusus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 04 Mar 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Ariocarpus retusus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 04. Reference page.

Vernacular names
español: Biznaga-maguey peyote cimarrón, chautle
lietuvių: Dubusis ariokarpas
русский: Ариокарпус притуплённый
svenska: Myrkottskaktus
українська: Аріокарпус притуплений
Vernacular names

Ariocarpus retusus is a species of cactus, from the genus Ariocarpus, found mainly in Mexico. It is one of the largest and fastest-growing species in this genus known for a slow rate of growth.[2] Despite its slow growth, often taking ten years to reach flowering age, the retusus is a desirable cactus for cultivation, having attractive flowers and an unusual form for a cactus. It is also one of the most easily cultivated species in the genus.
Flowering Ariocarpus retusus

"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
"Ariocarpus retusus".

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