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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales

Familia: Sapindaceae
Subfamilia: Sapindoideae
Tribus: Cupanieae
Genus: Arytera
Species: A. bifoliata – A. bifoliolata – A. brachyphylla – A. densiflora – A. dictyoneura – A. distylis – A. divaricata – A. foveolata – A. gracilipes – A. lineosquamulata – A. litoralis – A. microphylla – A. miniata – A. morobeana – A. multijuga – A. musca – A. novaebrittanniae – A. pauciflora – A. pseudofoveolata
Name

Arytera Blume, Rumphia 3: 170. (1849) emend. Buerki et al. (2020)

Type species: Arytera litoralis Blume, Rumphia 3: 170. (1849)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Zygolepis Turcz.

References

Blume, C.L. von 1849. Rumphia, sive commentationes botanicae imprimis de plantis Indiae orientalis 3: 170.
Buerki, S., Munzinger, J., Lowry, P.P. & Callmander, M.W. 2020. Two new genera of Sapindaceae (Cupanieae) from the southern Pacific: Lepidocupania and Neoarytera. Candollea 75(2): 269–284. DOI: 10.15553/c2020v752a9 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Arytera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 28. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Arytera. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Arytera. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 28 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Arytera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 28.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Arytera in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Arytera is a genus of about twenty–eight species known to science, of trees and shrubs and constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally in New Guinea,, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Australia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga; and the most widespread species and type species A. littoralis grows throughout Malesia and across Southeast Asia, from NE. India, southern China, Borneo, Malaysia, Singapore,, Indonesia and the Philippines to as far east as New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

The eleven Australian species may have the common name coogera and they grow naturally in the rainforests of eastern Australia and the Northern Territory.[2][3][4][5][6]

Formerly included here were three species now in the genus Mischarytera.[7]

Naming and classification

European science formally named and described this genus and the type species in 1847, authored by botanist Carl Ludwig Blume.[1][2][8]

In 1879 botanist Ludwig A. T. Radlkofer published formal scientific descriptions of numerous species new to European science.[9]

In 1993 botanist Hubert Turner formally described 8 species new to science found growing naturally in New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and north eastern Australia.[10] In 1994 his treatment of the genus in Flora Malesiana was published.[7][8]
Species

This listing was sourced from the Australian Plant Name Index and Australian Plant Census,[2] the Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants information system,[11] Flora Malesiana,[8] Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest,[3] the Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea,[12] the Checklist of the vascular indigenous Flora of New Caledonia,[13] Rainforest trees of Samoa,[14] Flora Vitiensis (Fiji),[15] the Flora of Tonga,[16] the Flora of New South Wales,[4] and the Flora of Australia.[5]

Arytera arcuata Radlk. – New Caledonia endemic[13]
Arytera bifoliata Whistler – Tonga[14]
Arytera bifoliolata S.T.Reynolds – New Guinea,[17] NT, Qld,[3][18] Australia[2][19]
Arytera brachyphylla Radlk. – New Guinea[12][20]
Arytera brackenridgei Radlk. – Fiji,[15] Tonga,[16] Vanuatu,[15] Samoa,[14][15] New Guinea[12]
Arytera chartacea Radlk. – New Caledonia endemic[13]
Arytera collina (Pancher & Sebert) Radlk. – New Caledonia endemic[13]
Arytera densiflora Radlk. – New Guinea[12][21]
Arytera dictyoneura S.T.Reynolds – Qld, Australia[2][22]
Arytera distylis (Benth.) Radlk. – NSW,[23] Qld, Australia[2][24]
Arytera divaricata F.Muell. – NSW,[25] Qld,[3][26] Australia,[2][27] New Guinea[12]
Arytera foveolata F.Muell. – Qld, Australia[2][28]
Arytera gracilipes Radlk. – New Caledonia endemic[13]
Arytera lepidota Radlk. – New Caledonia endemic[13]
Arytera lineosquamulata H.Turner – New Guinea,[29] NE. Qld,[30] Australia[2]
Arytera littoralis Blume – NE. India, SE Asia, S. China, throughout Malesia incl. to New Guinea and Solomon Islands[12][31]
Arytera microphylla (Benth.) Radlk. – Qld, Australia[2][32]
Arytera miniata H.Turner – New Guinea[12][33]
Arytera morobeana H.Turner – New Guinea[12][34]
Arytera multijuga H.Turner – New Guinea[12][35]
Arytera musca H.Turner – New Guinea[36]
Arytera nekorensis H.Turner – New Caledonia endemic[13] – Globally vulnerable[37]
Arytera neoebudensis (Guillaumin) H.Turner – New Guinea,[12] New Caledonia[13]
Arytera novaebrittanniae H.Turner – New Guinea, Solomon Islands[12][38]
Arytera oshanesiana (F.Muell.) Radlk. – Qld, Australia[2][39]
Arytera pauciflora S.T.Reynolds – Qld,[3][40] Australia[2][41]
Arytera pseudofoveolata H.Turner – New Guinea,[12][42] Cape York Peninsula, Qld, Australia[2][3][43]

Species provisionally named, described and accepted according to the authoritative Australian Plant Census As of June 2014 while awaiting formal publication

Arytera sp. Dryander Creek (P.R.Sharpe 4184) Qld Herbarium – Qld, Australia[2][3]

Formerly included here

Arytera bullata H.Turner ⇒ Mischarytera bullata (H.Turner) H.Turner – New Guinea endemic
Arytera lautereriana (F.M.Bailey) Radlk. ⇒ Mischarytera lautereriana (F.M.Bailey) H.Turner, corduroy tamarind – NE. to SE. Qld Australia endemic
Arytera macrobotrys (Merr. & L.M.Perry) R.W.Ham ⇒ Mischarytera macrobotrys (Merr. & L.M.Perry) H.Turner – New Guinea and Cape York Peninsula, Qld, Australia

References

Blume, Carl L. (1847). "Arytera; Arytera littoralis; Arytera montana". XXVIII. De Quibusdam Sapindaceis Maxima Parte Indiæ Orientali Propriis [28. On some Sapindaceae of the greater part of India and the East] (Digitised archive copy, online, from biodiversitylibrary.org). Rumphia (in Latin). 3. pp. 169–171. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
"Arytera%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (June 2004). Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. pp. 477–478. ISBN 9780958174213. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera". December 2003. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera Blume". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds, Sally T. (1985). "Notes on Sapindaceae in Australia, IV". Austrobaileya. 2 (2): 158–160. JSTOR 41738663.
Turner, Hubert (1995). "Cladistic and biogeographic analyses of Arytera Blume and Mischarytera gen. nov. (Sapindaceae)". Blumea Supplementary Series. 9: 1–230.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Radlkofer, L. A. T. (1879). "Ueber Cupania und damit verwandte Pflanzen". Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-physikalischen Classe der K. B. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (in German). 9: 457–678. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner, Hubert (1993). "New species of Arytera Blume (Sapindaceae) in Malesia". Blumea. 38 (1): 137–144.
F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Sapindaceae". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 8 (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Conn, Barry J. (2008). "Arytera". Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea. (search result listing, matching all starting with "Arytera", via www.pngplants.org). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M.; Chalopin, M. (December 2012). "The taxonomic database "Florical" and characteristics of the indigenous Flora of New Caledonia" (PDF). Adansonia. sér. 3. 34 (2): 177–219. Retrieved 7 November 2013.[permanent dead link]
Whistler, W. Arthur (2004). "Arytera bifoliata Whistler; Arytera brackenridgei (A.Gray) Radlk." (only Google Books snippet online). Rainforest trees of Samoa: a guide to the common native and naturalized lowland and foothill forest trees of the Samoan Archipelago. Honolulu: Isle Botanica. pp. 187–188, fig. 223 (vi, 210p.). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Smith, Albert C. (1985). "Arytera Bl.; Arytera brackenridgei (A.Gray) Radlk." (Digitised, online, via biodiversitylibrary.org). Flora Vitiensis nova: a new Flora of Fiji. 3. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. pp. 600–603. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Yuncker, T. G. (July 1959). "Genus Arytera Blume; Arytera brackenridgei Radlkofer" (Digitised, online, via hathitrust.org). Plants of Tonga. B. P. Bishop Museum Bulletin. 220. Honolulu, Hawaii: B. P. Bishop Museum. p. 176. hdl:2027/coo.31924000609945. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera bifoliolata S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Arytera bifoliolata". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 8 (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera bifoliolata S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera brachyphylla Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera densiflora Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera dictyoneura S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera distylis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Radlk". July 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera distylis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera divaricata F.Muell". July 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Arytera divaricata". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 8 (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera divaricata F.Muell". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera foveolata F.Muell". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera lineosquamulata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera lineosquamulata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera littoralis Blume". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera microphylla (Benth.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera miniata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera morobeana H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera multijuga H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera musca H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Hequet, V. (2010). "Arytera nekorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T35307A9924373. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T35307A9924373.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera novaebrittanniae H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera oshanesiana (F.Muell.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Arytera pauciflora". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 8 (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera pauciflora S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera pseudofoveolata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.

Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera pseudofoveolata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013. Previously treated there as "Arytera sp".

Cited works
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arytera.

Harden, Gwen J. (December 2003). "Arytera – New South Wales Flora Online". PlantNET – The Plant Information Network System. 2.0. Sydney, Australia: The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
F.A.Zich; B.P.M.Hyland; T.Whiffen; R.A.Kerrigan (2020). "Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Home". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 8 (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
Reynolds, Sally T. (1985). "Arytera" (online version). Flora of Australia: Volume 25—Melianthaceae to Simaroubaceae. Flora of Australia series. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 87–93. ISBN 978-0-644-03724-2. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Turner, Hubert (1994). "Arytera" (Digitised, online). In Adema, F.; Leenhouts, P. W.; van Welzen, P. C. (eds.). Flora Malesiana. Series I, Spermatophyta : Flowering Plants. Vol. 11 pt. 3: Sapindaceae. Leiden, The Netherlands: Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden University. pp. 467–479. ISBN 90-71236-21-8.

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