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Astrantia carniolica PID920-1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Astrantia
Sectiones: Astrantia sect. Astrantiella
Species: Astrantia carniolica

Astrantia carniolica Jacq. (1778)

Astrantia gracilis Schur
Astrantia minor Scop.
Astrantia transsilvanica Schur
Etoxoe aromatica Raf.


Astrantia carniolica Koch = Astrantia bavarica F.W.Schultz

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Austria, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Croatia, NE-Italy, Slovenia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Jacquin, N.J.v. 1778. Fl. Austriac. 5: 31.


Hassler, M. 2018. Astrantia carniolica. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Astrantia carniolica. Published online. Accessed: Sep 14 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Astrantia carniolica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 14. 2018. Astrantia carniolica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 Sep 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Astrantia carniolica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Krainer Sterndolde
English: carnic masterwort, red masterwort

Astrantia carniolica, the carnic masterwort[2] or red masterwort, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It has long reddish (or white) flowers.


Astrantia carniolica reaches on average less than 45 centimetres (18 in) of height.[3] The stem is erect and glabrous, with little branches and few leaves. The basal leaves have a long petiole 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in), 3 to 7 lobes and toothed segments. Size: 8–15 centimetres (3.1–5.9 in). The cauline leaves are generally two, sessile, amplexicaul and lanceolate-shaped with a trilobed apex. The inflorescence is umbrella-shaped, with 2–3 centimetres (0.79–1.18 in) of diameter. The floral bracts are numerous (10 - 20), 10–18 millimetres (0.39–0.71 in) long, reddish (sometimes white) with acuminate apex. The small flowers are white. The central ones are hermaphrodite, while the external ones are male. The petals are white, while the stamens are five and much longer. Size of the flowers: about 1–2 mm. The flowering period extends from June through September.

The specific epithet carniolica, meaning 'coming from Carniola'.[4] Carniola was a historical region that comprised parts of present-day Slovenia. Which geographically distinguishes this distinguishes this species from its other relative Astrantia bavarica(from Germany).

Astrantia carniolica was originally described and published by Franz Xavier von Wulfen in 1778, in Volume 31 of 'Florae Austriacae, sive plantarum selectarum in Austriae archiducatu sponte crescentium, icones, ad vivum coloratae, et descriptionibus, ac synononymis illustratae.' (commonly known as Fl. Austriac. (Jacquin)).[5]

It is sometimes known as the 'carnic masterwort',[6] or 'Red Masterwort'.[7]

Its Finnish common name is "Alppitähtiputki".

It was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 30 October 1996 and then updated on the 17 June 2008.[6]

Astrantia carniolica is an accepted name by the RHS.[8]
Distribution and habitat

It is native to the south-eastern Alps in Europe.[3][8][6]

It has been found in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy and Slovenia.[6]

In Slovenia, it has been found in the Julian Alps and near Bohinj lake.[9][10]

They are common in mountain grasslands, in forests and clearings and close to the streams, usually on calcareous soils (limey soils), at an altitude of 1,500–1,600 metres (4,900–5,200 ft) above sea level.[3]

Astrantia carniolica also has one other cultivar recognised by the RHS. Astrantia carniolica 'rubra', which grows well in the garden, given some shade and moisture. Its flowerhead provides summer colour in shades of red.[11] It is rated for hardiness, USDA zones 5 to 9.[12]

Astrantia carniolica is an entomophilous plant, mainly pollinated by beetles, but also by other insects. This perennial plant reproduces itself also by means of buds present at the ground level.

"Astrantia carniolica Wulfen is an accepted name". (The Plant List). 23 March 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
"Astrantia camiolica". 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
Stearn, William (1972). A Gardenerer's Dictionary of Plant Names. London: Cassell. p. 78. ISBN 0304937215.
"Apiaceae Astrantia carniolica Wulfen". (International Plant Names Index). Retrieved 17 June 2015.
"Astrantia carniolica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 17 June 2015.
"Astrantia carniolica Overview, Red Masterwort". Retrieved 9 June 2014.
"Astrantia carniolica". Retrieved 17 June 2015.
Kamari, G; Blanché, C; Siljak-Yakovlev, S (13 July 2009). "Mediterranean chromosome No. 23" (PDF). Retrieved 12 June 2014.
Drovenik, Bozidar; Jarnjak, Marjan; Seliskar, Andrej; Vres, Branko (10 September 1999). "THE HABITAT SURVEY OF SLOVENIAN ALPS AND DINARIC MOUNTAINS, AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
"Astrantia carniolica 'Rubra'". 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.

Boland, Todd (19 December 2009). "Masterful Masterworts". Retrieved 9 June 2014.

Other sources

Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.
Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea

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