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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paspaleae
Subtribus: Paspalinae
Genus: Axonopus
Sectiones: A. sect. Axonopus – A. sect. Senescentia

Series: A. ser. Axonopus
Species: A. amapaensis – A. anceps – A. andinus – A. appendiculatus – A. apricus – A. arcuatus – A. argentinus – A. arsenei – A. aureus – A. barbigerus – A. boliviensis – A. brasiliensis – A. bryoides – A. camargoanus – A. canescens – A. capillaris – A. carajasensis – A. casiquiarensis – A. caulescens – A. centralis – A. chaseae – A. chimantensis – A. chrysoblepharis – A. chrysostachyus – A. ciliatifolius – A. comans – A. comatus – A. complanatus – A. compressus – A. conduplicatus – A. cuatrecasasii – A. debilis – A. deludens – A. elegantulus – A. eminens – A. equitans – A. fastigiatus – A. fissifolius – A. flabelliformis – A. flexuosus – A. furcatus – A. grandifolius – A. herzogii – A. hirsutus – A. hydrolithicus – A. iridifolius – A. jeanyae – A. jesuiticus – A. junciformis – A. kleinii – A. kuhlmannii – A. laxiflorus – A. laxus – A. leptostachyus – A. longispicus – A. magallanesiae – A. maguirei – A. marginatus – A. mathewsii – A. mexicanus – A. micay – A. monticola – A. morronei – A. multipes – A. obtusifolius – A. oiapocensis – A. paschalis – A. passourae – A. paucisetosus – A. pellitus – A. pennellii – A. perlongus – A. piccae – A. poiophyllus – A. polydactylus – A. polystachyus – A. pressus – A. pruinosus – A. pubivaginatus – A. purpusii – A. ramboi – A. ramosus – A. rosei – A. rosengurttii – A. rupestris – A. schultesii – A. scoparius – A. senescens – A. siccus – A. singularis – A. steyermarkii – A. succulentus – A. suffultiformis – A. suffultus – A. sulcatus – A. surinamensis – A. swallenii – A. tenuis – A. triglochinoides – A. uninodis – A. villosus – A. volcanicus – A. yutajensis – A. zuloagae


Axonopus P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 12 (1812)
Type species: Axonopus aureus P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 12 (1812)


Cabrera Lag., Gen. Sp. Pl.: 5 (1816).
Anastrophus Schltdl., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 8: 681 (1850).
Lappagopsis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 112 (1854).
Centrochloa Swallen, J. Washington Acad. Sci. 25: 192 (1935).
Ophiochloa Filg., Novon 3: 360 (1993)


Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 12.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Axonopus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Jan. 7. Reference page.
López, A. & Morrone, O. 2012. Phylogenetic studies in Axonopus (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) and related genera: Morphology and molecular (nuclear and plastid) combined analyses. Systematic Botany, 37(3): 671–376.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Axonopus. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 31. 2013. Axonopus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 31.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Axonopus. Published online. Accessed: 31 Oct. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: Carpetgrass

Axonopus is a genus of plants in the grass family, known generally as carpet grass.[6] They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island.[6][4] They are sometimes rhizomatous and many are tolerant of periodic submersion.


Axonopus amapaensis G.A.Black - Brazil
Axonopus anceps (Mez) C.L.Hitchc. - Trinidad-Tobago, northern South America
Axonopus andinus G.A.Black - Bolivia
Axonopus argentinus Parodi - Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil
Axonopus aureus P.Beauv. - from Chiapas to Bolivia
Axonopus boliviensiss Renvoize - Bolivia
Axonopus brasiliensis (Spreng.) Kuhlm. - Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Axonopus capillaris (Lam.) Chase - from Guatemala to Brazil
Axonopus casiquiarensis Davidse - Colombia, Venezuela
Axonopus caulescens (Mez) Henrard - from Guyana to Bolivia
Axonopus centralis Chase - from Nayarit to Paraíba
Axonopus chaseae G.A.Black - Bahia, Minas Gerais
Axonopus chimantensis Davidse - Venezuela
Axonopus chrysoblepharis (Lag.) Chase - from Chiapas to Paraguay
Axonopus ciliatifolius Swallen - Belize
Axonopus comans (Döll) Kuhlm. - Brazil, Paraguay
Axonopus comatus (Mez) Swallen - Venezuela, Brazil
Axonopus complanatus (Nees ex Trin.) Dedecca - Brazil
Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. - USA (TX to SC), West Indies, much of Latin America
Axonopus conduplicatus G.A.Black - Brazil
Axonopus cuatrecasasii G.A.Black - Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia
Axonopus debilis G.A.Black - Cuba
Axonopus elegantulus (J.Presl) Hitchc. - Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Axonopus eminens (Nees) G.A.Black - from Guyana to Bolivia
Axonopus equitans Hitchc. & Chase - Trinidad-Tobago, northern South America
Axonopus fastigiatus (Nees) Kuhlm. - Brazil
Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. - USA (TX to VA), West Indies, much of Latin America
Axonopus flabelliformis Swallen - from Guyana to Bolivia
Axonopus flexuosus (Peter) Troupin - tropical Africa
Axonopus furcatus (Flüggé) Hitchc. - USA (TX to MD), Cuba, Brazil, Argentina
Axonopus gracilis G.Black - Venezuela
Axonopus grandifolius Renvoize - Bahia
Axonopus herzogii (Hack.) Hitchc. - Brazil, Bolivia
Axonopus hoehnei G.A.Black - Pará
Axonopus jeanyae Davidse - Panama
Axonopus junciformis G.A.Black - Mato Grosso
Axonopus kuhlmanniii G.A.Black - Brazil, Bolivia
Axonopus laxiflorus (Trin.) Chase - Minas Gerais
Axonopus laxus Luces - Venezuela
Axonopus leptostachyus (Flüggé) Hitchc. - Trinidad-Tobago, South America
Axonopus longispicus (Döll) Kuhlm. - northeastern South America
Axonopus magallanesiae Gir.-Cañas - Venezuela
Axonopus marginatus (Trin.) Chase ex Hitchc. - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina
Axonopus morronei Gir.-Cañas - Colombia
Axonopus oiapocensis G.A.Black - Amapá, French Guiana
Axonopus paschalis (Stapf) Pilg. - Easter Island
Axonopus passourae G.A.Black - French Guiana
Axonopus pennellii G.A.Black - Venezuela, Colombia
Axonopus piccae Gir.-Cañas - Venezuela, Colombia
Axonopus poiophyllus Chase - Mesoamerica, Colombia
Axonopus polydactylus (Steud.) Dedecca - Brazil
Axonopus polystachyus G.A.Black - Brazil
Axonopus pressus (Steud.) Parodi - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay
Axonopus pubivaginatus Henrard - northeastern South America
Axonopus purpusii (Mez) Chase - from Central Mexico to Paraguay
Axonopus ramosus Swallen - Amapá, Fr Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela
Axonopus rosei (Scribn. & Merr.) Chase - Nayarit
Axonopus rupestris Davidse - Brazil
Axonopus schultesii G.A.Black - Venezuela, Colombia
Axonopus scoparius (Flüggé) Kuhlm. - from northern Mexico to Brazil
Axonopus senescens (Döll) Henrard - Amapá, Fr Guiana, Colombia
Axonopus siccus (Nees) Kuhlm. - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
Axonopus steyermarkii Swallen - Venezuela
Axonopus succulentus G.A.Black - Paraguay
Axonopus suffultiformis G.A.Black - Venezuela
Axonopus suffultuss (J.C.Mikan ex Trin.) Parodi - Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
Axonopus surinamensis (Steud.) Henrard - northeastern South America
Axonopus triglochinoides (Mez) Dedecca - Amazon Basin
Axonopus volcanicus R.W.Pohl - Costa Rica
Axonopus yutajensis G.A.Black - Venezuela
Axonopus zuloagae Gir.-Cañas - Colombia

formerly included[4]

see Alloteropsis Digitaria Panicum Paspalum Sporobolus

Axonopus corymbosus - Digitaria compacta
Axonopus digitatus - Digitaria nuda
Axonopus ecklonianus - Panicum ecklonii
Axonopus latifolius - Alloteropsis cimicina
Axonopus maidenianus - Alloteropsis semialata
Axonopus paniceus - Digitaria panicea
Axonopus paniculatus - Alloteropsis paniculata
Axonopus poiretii - Sporobolus junceus
Axonopus proximus - Paspalum ellipticum
Axonopus repens - Paspalum repens
Axonopus semialatus - Alloteropsis semialata

See also

List of Poaceae genera


The International Plant Names Index, search for Axonopus
lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 142 (1908)
Tropicos, Axonopus P. Beauv.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Tropicos, Panicum sect. Cabrera (Lag.) Trin
Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-08-19.

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