Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Backhousieae
Genus: Backhousia
Species: B. angustifolia – B. bancroftii – B. citriodora – B. enata – B. gundarara – B. hughesii – B. kingii – B. leptopetala – B. myrtifolia – B. oligantha – B. sciadophora – B. subargentea – B. tetraptera

Backhousia Hook. & Harv. (1845)

Type species: B. citriodora Hook. & Harv.


Choricarpia Domin


Hooker, W.J. & Harvey, W.H. 1845. Botanical Magazine t. 4133.
Backhousia in: Australian Plant Census (APC) 2020. IBIS database, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Accessed: 2020 Seopt. 14.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Backhousia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sept. 14. Reference page.
McVaugh, R. 1956. "Nomenclatural Notes on Myrtaceae and Related Families". Taxon 5: 138.

Backhousia is a genus of thirteen currently known species of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae.[1][2] All the currently known species are endemic to Australia in the rainforests and seasonally dry forests of Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia.[2][3]

In 1845 in the European science publication the Botanical Magazine William Jackson Hooker and William Henry Harvey first published this genus's formal description and name, after botanist James Backhouse from England and Australia.[1][2]

They grow to aromatic shrubs or trees from 5 to 25 m (20 to 80 ft) tall, with leaves 3–12 cm (1.2–4.7 in) long and 1–6 cm (0.4–2.4 in) wide, arranged opposite to each other.

Sourced from the authoritative Australian Plant Name Index and Australian Plant Census as of June 2014.[2] For taxa including undescribed species further afield outside Australia, for example likely in New Guinea, this list lacks them—refer also to the genus Kania.[2][3]

Backhousia angustifolia F.Muell., curry myrtle, narrow leaf myrtle
Backhousia bancroftii F.M.Bailey, Johnstone River hardwood
Backhousia citriodora F.Muell., lemon scented myrtle, sweet verbena tree, lemon scented verbena, lemon ironwood
Backhousia enata A.J.Ford, Craven & J.Holmes[4]
Backhousia gundarara M.D.Barrett, Craven & R.L.Barrett; formerly Backhousia sp. Prince Regent (W.O'Sullivan & D.Dureau WODD 42) WA Herbarium [5]
Backhousia hughesii C.T.White, stony backhousia, stonewood, lime wood, grey teak
Backhousia kingii Guymer
Backhousia leptopetala (F.Muell.) M.G.Harr., former name: Choricarpia leptopetala (F.Muell.) Domin, brush turpentine, brown myrtle[5]
Backhousia myrtifolia Hook. & Harv., grey myrtle, carrol, ironwood, neverbreak, iron myrtle, cinnamon myrtle
Backhousia oligantha A.R.Bean[6]
Backhousia sciadophora F.Muell., shatterwood, ironwood, boomerang tree
Backhousia subargentea (C.T.White) M.G.Harr., former name: Choricarpia subargentea (C.T.White) L.A.S.Johnson, giant ironwood, scrub ironwood, lancewood, ironwood box[5]
Backhousia tetraptera Jackes[5][7]

Formerly included here

Backhousia anisata was transferred to Anetholea anisata,[8] and later to Syzygium anisatum.[9]


Hooker, William Jackson; Harvey, William Henry (1845). "Tab. 4133 Backhousia myrtifolia Myrtle-leaved Backhousia; Nat Ord. Myrtaceae—Icosandria Monogynia; Backhousia. Hook. et Harv" (Digitised archive copy, online, from Botanical Magazine. 71. tab: 4133 (plate and text formal genus and species description). Retrieved 12 October 2014.
"Backhousia%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Ford, Andrew J.; Craven, Lyndley A.; Brophy, J. J. (2005). "Backhousia enata A.J.Ford, Craven & J.Holmes (Myrtaceae), a new species from north-eastern Queensland". Austrobaileya. 7 (1). pages 121–127, fig. 1, map 1. JSTOR 41739014.
Harrington, Mark G.; Jackes, Betsy R.; Barrett, M. D.; et al. (2012). "Phylogenetic revision of Backhousieae (Myrtaceae): Neogene divergence, a revised circumscription of Backhousia and two new species" (PDF). Australian Systematic Botany. 25 (6): 409–414. doi:10.1071/sb12015. S2CID 56067440.
Bean, A. R. (2003). "Backhousia oligantha (Myrtaceae), a new species from Queensland". Austrobaileya. 6 (3). pages 533–536, fig. 1, map 1. JSTOR 41738996.
"Mystery Tree April 2010; Update 2012 Backhousia tetraptera" (website). The Society for Growing Australian Plants Townsville Branch Inc. 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
Wilson, Paul G.; O'Brien, M. M.; Quinn, Chris J. (2000). "Anetholea (Myrtaceae), a new genus for Backhousia anisata: a cryptic member of the Acmena alliance". Australian Systematic Botany. 13 (3): 429–435. doi:10.1071/SB99008.
Craven, Lyndley A.; Biffin, Ed (2005). "Anetholea anisata transferred to, and two new Australian taxa of, Syzygium (Myrtaceae)". Blumea. 50 (1): 157–162. doi:10.3767/000651905x623346.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World