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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Zygophyllales

Familia: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamilia: Tribuloideae
Genus: Balanites
Species: B. aegyptiacus – B. angolensis – B. glabra – B. maughamii – B. pedicellaris – B. rotundifolia – B. roxburghii – B. triflora – B. wilsoniana
Source(s) of checklist:


Balanites Delile Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat.: 221 (1813) nom. cons. as feminine Applequist (2014)

Type species: Balanites aegyptiaca Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 221, t. 28, f. 1. (1813)


Agialid Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 508 (1763)
Agiella Tiegh., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 4: 225 (1906)
Agihalid Juss., Dict. Sci. Nat. [F. Cuvier] 1: 297 (1804)
Alanites Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat.: 221 (1813)


Delile, A.R. 1813. Description de l'Egypte ... Histoire Naturelle 221.
Applequist, W.L. (ed.) 2014. Report of the nomenclature committee for vascular plants: 66. Taxon 63(6): 1358–1371. DOI: 10.12705/636.20 Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Balanites in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Nov. 15. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Balanites. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Nov. 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Balanites. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 15 2020. 2020. Balanites. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Nov. 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Balanites in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Balanites is an Afrotropical, Palearctic and Indomalayan genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The name Balanites derives from the Greek word for an acorn and refers to the fruit, it was coined by Alire Delile in 1813.[2]

The following species are included in the genus Balanites:[3]

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Balanites angolensis (Welw.) Mildbr. & Schltr.
Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr.
Balanites maughamii Sprague[4]
Balanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schltr.
Balanites rotundifolia (Tiegh.) Blatt.
Balanites roxburghii Planch.
Balanites triflora Tiegh.
Balanites wilsoniana Dawe & Sprague


"Genus: Balanites Delile". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
"Balanites aegyptiaca" (PDF). Agroforestry Database 4.0. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
"Species in Balanites". The Plant List. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
"GRIN Species Records of Balanites". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-10-12.

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