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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Brasiliopuntia
Species: B. brasiliensis

Brasiliopuntia (K.Schum.) A.Berger, Entwickl. Kakteen 17, 18. 94. 1926.
Type species: Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis (Willd.) A.Berger


Opuntia subg. Brasiliopuntia K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 651. 1898 [1].

Opuntia sect. Alatae Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 184, 359. 1834, nom. illeg.
Opuntia ser. Brasilienses Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 1: 209. 1919 [2].

Mortolopuntia Guiggi, Cactology 5(Suppl.): 1. 2015.
Type species: Mortolopuntia schickendantzii (F.A.C.Weber) Guiggi


Berger, A. 1926. Entwickl. Kakteen 17, 18. 94.
Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Brasiliopuntia in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Nov. 2. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Brasiliopuntia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Brasiliopuntia is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.[2] It contains only one species, Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis.

It is found in Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, Peru and northern Argentina, and has become naturalized in Florida among other places.[3]


Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis shows thin, slightly shrunken cladodes on a central cylindrical trunk. The leaves are bright green. Its white areoles bear one or two small brown upright spines. Its light brown flowers appear only on adult plants.
Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis


Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis was placed in the genus Opuntia when the very broad genus Cactus was dismembered. The distinctive features of the species were recognized by Karl Schumann in 1898 when he created a subgenus Brasiliopuntia within the genus Opuntia. In 1926 Alwin Berger completed the separation from Opuntia by raising Brasiliopuntia to a full genus. A number of species have been described in the past, but are now considered only to be variants of B. brasiliensis.[3]

Species list

Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis (Willdenow) A. Berger


Cactus brasiliensis Willdenow
Opuntia brasiliensis (Willdenow) Haworth
Opuntia bahiensis Britton & Rose
Brasilopuntia bahiensis (Britton & Rose) A. Berger
Opuntia schulzii A. Castellanos & Lelong
Brasilopuntia neoargentina Backeberg
Brasilopuntia schulzii (A. Castellanos & Lelong) Backeberg
Brasilopuntia subcarpa Rizzini & A. Mattos


Taylor, N.P.; Machado, M.; Zappi, D.; Braun, P.; Oakley, L.; Pin, A.; Ostalaza, C. (2017). "Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T46517A121439029. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T46517A121439029.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
"Brasiliopuntia (K.Schum.) A.Berger". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved August 22, 2020.

Anderson, Edward F. (2001), The Cactus Family, Pentland, Oregon: Timber Press, ISBN 978-0-88192-498-5, pp. 132–133


Innes C, Wall B (1995). Cacti Succulents and Bromaliads. Cassell & The Royal Horticultural Society.

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