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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordoo: Rosales

Familia: Moraceae
Tribus: Dorstenieae
Genus: Brosimum
Species: B. alicastrum – B. costaricanum – B. discolor – B. gaudichaudii – B. glaziovii – B. guianense – B. ovatifolium – B. parinarioides – B. potabile – B. rubescens – B. utile

Brosimum Sw.
Vernacular names
suomi: Maitopuut

Brosimum is a genus of plants in the family Moraceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas.

The breadnut (B. alicastrum) was used by the Maya civilization for its edible nut. The dense vividly colored scarlet wood of B. paraense is used for decorative woodworking.[2] B. guianense, or snakewood, has a mottled snake-skin pattern, and is among the densest woods, with a very high stiffness; it was the wood of choice for making of bows for musical instruments of the violin family until the late 18th century, when it was replaced by the more easily worked brazilwood (Paubrasilia echinata). Plants of this genus are otherwise used for timber, building materials, and in a cultural context.

Accepted species

Brosimum acutifolium—tamamuri
Brosimum alicastrum Sw.—breadnut, Maya nut, ramón (Spanish)
Brosimum costaricanum Liebm.
Brosimum gaudichaudii Trecul—Mama-cadela
Brosimum glaucum Taub.
Brosimum glaziovii Taub.
Brosimum guianense (Aubl.) Huber—"snakewood" (= B. aubletii)
Brosimum lactescens (S.Moore) C.C.Berg
Brosimum longifolium Ducke
Brosimum melanopotamicum C.C.Berg
Brosimum multinervium C.C.Berg
Brosimum parinarioides Ducke
Brosimum parinarioides ssp. amplicoma (Ducke) C.C.Berg (= B. amplicoma)
Brosimum parinarioides ssp. parinarioides
Brosimum potabile
Brosimum rubescens Taub.—Satine bloodwood
Brosimum utile (Kunth) Pittier (= B. galactodendron)[3]

Formerly placed here

Pseudolmedia spuria (Sw.) Griseb. (as B. spurium Sw.)[3]


"Genus: Brosimum Sw". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
Baker (2004)

"GRIN Species Records of Brosimum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2010-11-23.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brosimum.
Wikispecies has information related to Brosimum.

Baker, Mark (2004): Wood for Woodturners. Guild of Master Craftsmen Publications, Sussex. ISBN 1-86108-324-6

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