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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Malveae
Genus: Callirhoe
Species: C. alcaeoides – C. bushii – C. digitata – C. involucrata – C. leiocarpa – C. papaver – C. pedata – C. scabriuscula – C. triangulata

Callirhoe Nutt., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 2(Sig. 6): 181. (1821)

Type species: Callirhoe digitata Nutt., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 2: 181. (1821)


Replaced synonym
Nuttallia Barton, Fl. N. Amer. (Barton) 2: 74 (1822), nom. illeg. nom. superfl.
Sesquicella Alef., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 255. (1862)
Monolix Raf.
Rhoeadia Lem.


Nuttall, T. 1821. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2(Sig. 6): 181.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Callirhoe in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan, 3. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Callirhoe. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Callirhoe. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 3 2021. 2020. Callirhoe. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jan. 3.

Vernacular names
English: Wine Cup

Callirhoe is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Its nine species are commonly known as poppy mallows[2] and all are native to the prairies and grasslands of North America. Of the nine species, some are annuals while others are perennial plants.

The genus is named for the Oceanid Callirrhoe in Greek mythology.[3]

Poppy mallow leaves are alternate and palmately lobed. The flowers are cup-shaped and brightly colored.

The purple poppy mallow (Callirhoe involucrata) is grown as a garden plant. It is a low-growing perennial with a large taproot and hairy stems. The flowers range from cerise to reddish violet with white centers. It is especially used in dry climates.

Species include:[4][2]

Callirhoe bushii Fernald – Bush's poppy mallow
Callirhoe digitata Nutt. – fringed poppy mallow, winecup
Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray – purple poppy mallow, winecup
Callirhoe leiocarpa R.F.Martin – tall poppy mallow
Callirhoe papaver (Cav.) A.Gray – woodland poppy mallow
Callirhoe pedata (Nutt. ex Hook.) A.Gray – palmleaf poppy mallow
Callirhoe scabriuscula B.L.Rob. – Texas poppy mallow
Callirhoe triangulata (Leavenw.) A.Gray – clustered poppy mallow

Formerly placed here

Sidalcea oregana spicata (Regel) C.L.Hitchc. (as C. spicata Regel)[4]


"genus Callirhoe". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) online database. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
"Callirhoe". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 399. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
"GRIN Species records of Callirhoe". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2010-07-28.

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