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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Plantaginaceae
Tribus: Callitricheae
Genus: Callitriche
Species: C. alata – C. albomarginata – C. anisoptera – C. antarctica – C. aucklandica – C. bolusii – C. brachycarpa – C. brevistyla – C. brutia – C. christensenii – C. compressa – C. cophocarpa – C. cribrosa – C. cycloptera – C. deflexa – C. fassettii – C. favargera – C. fehmedianii – C. fuscicarpa – C. glareosa – C. hamulata – C. hedbergiorum – C. hermaphroditica – C. heterophylla – C. heteropoda – C. japonica – C. keniensis – C. lechleri – C. lenisulca – C. longipedunculata – C. lusitanica – C. mandonis – C. marginata – C. mathezii – C. mouterdei – C. muelleri – C. nafiolskyi – C. nubigena – C. nuttallii – C. obtusangula – C. occidentalis – C. oreophila – C. palustris – C. peploides – C. petriei – C. platycarpa – C. pulchra – C. quindiensis – C. raveniana – C. regis-jubae – C. rimosa – C. sonderi – C. stagnalis – C. stenoptera – C. terrestris – C. transvolgensis – C. trochlearis – C. truncata – C. umbonata – C. vulcanicola – C. wightiana

Callitriche L. Sp. Pl. 2: 969. (1753)
Type species: Callitriche palustris L. Sp. Pl. 2: 969. (1753)


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 969.
The Plant List 2013. Callitriche in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 31. 2014. Callitriche. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 31.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Callitriche. Published online. Accessed: May 31 2014.
ITIS, the Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Callitriche
SUESSWASSERFLORA VON MITTELEUROPA [Freshwater flora of Central Europe]: series editors: H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig, D. Mollenhauer. Band 24: Pteridophyta und Anthophyta 2: Saururaceae bis Asteraceae. 1981. 540 p. 1695 figures. ISBN 3-437-30341-4.

Vernacular names
English: Water Starworts
suomi: Vesitähdet
українська: Виринниця

Callitriche is a genus of largely aquatic plants known as water-starwort. Previously, it was the only genus in the family Callitrichaceae. However, according to the APG II system this family is now included in the Plantaginaceae (plantain family). The family name Callitrichaceae retains its status as nomen conservandum (name to be retained).


  • Callitriche antarctica, Antarctic water-starwort
  • Callitriche brutia, pedunculate water starwort
  • Callitriche christensenii
  • Callitriche fassetti, Fassett's water starwort
  • Callitriche hamulata, intermediate water starwort
  • Callitriche hermaphroditica, autumn water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche autumnalis
  • Callitriche heterophylla, differentleaf water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche anceps, Callitriche bollanderi
  • Callitriche intermedia, narrowleaf water starwort
  • Callitriche japonica
    • Synonym Callitriche nana[1]
  • Callitriche longipedunculata, longstalk water starwort
  • Callitriche marginata, winged water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche sepulta
  • Callitriche muelleri
  • Callitriche obtusangula, blunt-fruited water starwort
  • Callitriche palustris, spiny water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche verna
  • Callitriche pedunculosa, Nuttall's water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche nuttallii
  • Callitriche peploides, matted water starwort
  • Callitriche petrieri
  • Callitriche platycarpa, various-leaved water starwort
  • Callitriche pulchra, beautiful water starwort
  • Callitriche sonderi
    • Synonym Callitriche capricorni[2]
  • Callitriche stagnalis, pond water starwort
  • Callitriche terrestris, terrestrial water starwort
    • Synonym Callitriche austinii, Callitriche deflexa
  • Callitriche trochlearis, effluent water starwort
  • Callitriche truncata, short-leaved water starwort
  • Callitriche umbonata
  • Callitriche verna

Phylogeny and evolution

The first molecular phylogeny of the aquatic genus of 50 species discerned three clades: Clade A (three species, widespread); Clade C (10 species, New World); Clade D (six species, Europe).[3] The parsimony analyses revealed that aneuploid reduction (n=5 to 4) and polyploidy (n=5 to 10) have evolved at least twice in the genus, whereas the obligately submersed growth habit and hypohydrophily have evolved once.[3]

"Callitrichaceae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.


Lansdown, R. V. (2006) The Genus Callitriche (Callitrichaceae) in Asia Novon 16(3): 354-361
Bean, A. R. (2007) A taxonomic revision of Callitriche L. (Callitrichaceae) in Australia Austrobaileya 7(3): 545-554

Les, D. H., Philbrick, C. T. (2000) Phylogenetic studies in Callitriche: implications for interpretation of ecological, karyological and pollination system evolution Aquatic Botany 68: 123-141

Further reading

Callitriche platycarpa Recorded from Eglinton Canal, Galway, Ireland. Pybus, C. and O'Halloran, P. 2009. Distribution of some submerged aquatic macrophytes in the Eglinton Canal, Galway. Ir. Nat. J. 30: 51 - 53.

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