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Campanula trachelium

Campanula trachelium, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Campanulaceae
Subfamilia: Campanuloideae
Genus: Campanula
Species: Campanula trachelium
Subspecies: C. trachelium subsp. athoa - C. trachelium subsp. mauritanica - C. trachelium subsp. trachelium

Campanula trachelium L., Sp. Pl.: 166 (1753).

Campanula urticifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 127 (1796), nom. superfl.
Trachelioides vulgaris Opiz, Seznam: 98 (1852), nom. superfl.
Campanula serratifolia var. ciliatosepala Vuk., Linnaea 26: 335 (1854), nom. illeg.
Drymocodon trachelium (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 111 (1869).

Native distribution areas:
Campanula trachelium

Continental: Eurasia
Albania; Algeria; Altay; Austria; Baltic States; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; Central European Russia; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; East European Russia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Hungary; Iran; Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Krym; Lebanon-Syria; Netherlands; North European Russia; Northwest European Russia; Norway; Poland; Qubec; Romania; Sicilia; South European Russia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Ukraine; Siberia; Yugoslavia
Continental: Africa
Marocco, Tunisia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 166. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Campanula trachelium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jul. 25. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Campanula trachelium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jul. 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Campanula trachelium. Published online. Accessed: Jul 25 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Campanula trachelium in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jul 25. 2019. Campanula trachelium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 25 Jul 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Campanula trachelium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
العربية: جريس خشن
čeština: zvonek kopřivolistý
Cymraeg: Clychlys dail danadl
Deutsch: Nesselblättrige Glockenblume
English: nettle-leaved bellflower
español: campana vulgar con hoja de ortiga, campanilla, campanillas
eesti: Nõgeselehine kellukas
suomi: Varsankello
français: Campanule gantelée
Gaeilge: Scornlus
magyar: Csalánlevelű harangvirág
lietuvių: Dilgialapis katilėlis
norsk bokmål: Nesleklokke
Nederlands: Ruig klokje
polski: Dzwonek pokrzywolistny
русский: Колокольчик крапиволистный
slovenčina: zvonček pŕhľavolistý
svenska: Nässelklocka
Türkçe: Isırgan yapraklı çan çiçeği

Campanula trachelium, the nettle-leaved bellflower,[1] is a species of bellflower. It is a Eurasian blue wildflower native to Denmark and England and now naturalized in southeast Ireland. It is also found southward through much of Europe into Africa.

1 Common names
2 Description
3 Habitat
4 References
5 External links

Common names

The alternate name throatwort is derived from an old belief that C. trachelium is a cure for sore throat, and the species name trachelium refers to its use as treatment of the throat in folk medicine.[2]

Other folknames include Our Lady's Bells because the color blue was identified with the Virgin Mary's scarf, veil, or shawl; Coventry Bells because C. trachelium was especially common in fields around Coventry; and "Bats-in-the-Belfry" or in the singular "Bat-in-the-Belfry", because the stamens inside the flower were like bats hanging in the bell of a church steeple.[3]

Campanula trachelium is a perennial plant with one or more unbranched, often reddish, square-edged stems that are roughly hairy. The leaves grow alternately up the stems. The lower leaves are long-stalked and ovate with a heart-shaped base. The upper leaves have no stalks and are ovate or lanceolate, hairy with toothed margins. The inflorescence is a one sided spike with a few slightly nodding flowers. Each flower has five sepals which are fused, erect and hairy, and the five violet (or occasionally white) petals are fused into a bell that is hairy inside. There are five stamens and a pistil formed from three fused carpels. The fruit is a hairy, nodding capsule.[4]

Campanula trachelium likes humus-rich soil and is found in broad-leaved woodlands, coppices, hedgerows and the margins of forests.[4]

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
"Campanula trachelium 'Bernice' - Dorset Perennials".
"Paghat's Garden".
"Nettle-leaved Bellflower: Campanula trachelium". NatureGate. Retrieved 2013-12-30.

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