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Campanula zoysii

Campanula zoysii (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Campanulaceae
Subfamilia: Campanuloideae
Genus: Campanula
Species: Campanula zoysii


Campanula zoysii Wulfen


* Collectanea; Missao de Biologia Maritima; Junta de Investigaçoes do Ultramar. Lisbon 2:122. 1789 ("1788"); Icon. pl. rar. 2: t. 334. 1789 ("1786-1793")
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names
Slovenščina: Zoisova zvončica
Türkçe: Kıvırcık çan çiçeği


Campanula zoysii (known commonly as Zois' Bellflower, Zoysi's Harebell,[1] or Crimped Bellflower[2]) is a flower in the genus Campanula (bellflowers).

Range and habitat

The flower is endemic to Austria, northern Italy (Friuli–Venezia Giulia and Veneto), and Slovenia.[3] It grows most readily in limestone crevices in the Julian and Kamnik–Savinja Alps, as well as in the Alps of Italy and Austria.[4]

C. zoysii can survive in temperatures as low as -35 to -40 °C (-31 to -40 °F).[4] Garden pests include slugs and snails.[5]

Physical description
Mature plant with a cross section of a flower and closeup of seeds

The plant tends to grow low, reaching anywhere from 5 to 7 cm (2 to 3 in) in height, though some plants may grow as tall as 23 cm (9 in).[1] Tufts (or "cushions") of the plant tend to creep outward as it grows.[4] Seedlings require two years to grow to flower.


The species is unique among its genus of bellflowers. The mouth of C. zoysii's bell-shaped flower narrows, ending in a five-pointed star, while the flowers of other Campanula species are likewise bell-shaped, but open.[4][6] (The "pinched" shape of these flowers nonetheless manages to allow insects inside for pollination.) The flowers are arranged one to three for each stem.[1] The plant's pale sky blue- to lavender-colored flowers bloom in June over a three- to four-week period.[4]


Leaves are crowded at the root, stalked, ovate and blunt; stem leaves are obovate, lance-shaped and linear.[1]

Cultural significance

C. zoysii is held in high regard in Slovenia. It is considered a symbol of the Slovenian Alps, and called "the daughter of the Slovene mountains".[4] It is highly esteemed as an ornamental plant in rock gardens. The September 1905 issue of Gardeners' Chronicle praises C. zoysii as "choicest and most distinct ... of a genus comprising flowers of the greatest beauty and of the highest merit in the garden".[7]

The plant is named in honor of its discoverer, botanist Karl von Zois (1756–1800).[4] It was first described by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin in 1789.[3][note 1]



1. ^ Collectanea 2:122. 1789 ("1788"); Icon. pl. rar. 2: t. 334. 1789 ("1786-1793")[3]

1. ^ a b c d Robinson, W (1878). Hardy Flowers. London: Macmillan and Co.. p. 86. http://books.google.com/books?id=wl0DAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA86.
2. ^ "Crimped Bellflower, Zoi's Bellflower". PlantFiles. Dave's Garden. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/403/. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
3. ^ a b c "Campanula zoysii Wulfen". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?428121. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
4. ^ a b c d e f g Walek, Kristl. "Campanula zoysii: "Daughter of the Slovene Mountains"". Ottawa Valley Rock Garden & Horticultural Society. http://www.ovrghs.ca/articles/Plants/Campanula%20zoysii.htm. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
5. ^ Meredith, Lewis B (1914). Rock Gardens: How to Make and Maintain Them. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 254. http://books.google.com/books?id=5wg9AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA254.
6. ^ "Campanula zoysii". Campanula Bellflowers. Wild Ginger Farm. http://www.wildgingerfarm.com/Campanula.htm. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
7. ^ "Alpine Garden: Campanula zoysii". Gardeners' Chronicle (London) XXVIII: pp. 228–229. 23 September 1905. http://books.google.com/books?id=X-dIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA228.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License