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Cardamine heptaphylla

Cardamine heptaphylla, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales

Familia: Brassicaceae
Tribus: Cardamineae
Genus: Cardamine
Species: Cardamine heptaphylla

Cardamine heptaphylla (Vill.) O.E.Schulz, 1903

Cardamine baldensis Fritsch
Cardamine pinnata (Lam.) W.T. Aiton
Dentaria heptaphylla (L.) Vill.
Dentaria intermedia Sond.
Dentaria pentaphyllos var. heptaphyllos L.
Dentaria pinnata Lam.


Schulz, O.E. 1903. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 371


Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Cardamine heptaphylla in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 28.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Cardamine heptaphylla. Published online. Accessed: May 28 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Cardamine heptaphylla in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 28. 2019. Cardamine heptaphylla. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 28 May 2019.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Fieder-Zahnwurz, Fieder-Schaumkraut
français: Cardamine à sept folioles
svenska: Violtandrot

Cardamine heptaphylla, common name pinnate coralroot is a species of flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. [1][2][3]


The genus name cardamine is derived from the Greek kardamon, cardamom - an unrelated plant in the ginger family, used as a pungent spice in cooking. The specific epithet heptaphylla is composed of ancient Greek ἑπτά, hepta (seven) and φύλλον, phullon (leaf).

This species is widespread in Central and Southern Europe, from Northern Spain, to Italy and S.W. Germany.[4][5]

This species grows mainly in mountain woods, especially in beech and spruce forests, but sometimes in plain, at an elevation up to 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) above sea level. It prefers calcareous soils. [6]

Cardamine heptaphylla can reach a size of 30–60 millimetres (1.2–2.4 in). These deciduous, perennial, rhizomatous, herbaceous, flowering plants are characterized by a glabrous, erect, unbranched stem, and by few but very large imparipinnate leaves, with 5 to 9 large opposite leaflets, ovate-lanceolate, irregularly toothed. They have a horizontally crawling rhizome.

The large flowers grow in a many-flowered inflorescence. The inflorescence is composed by a cluster with four cup-shaped broad flowers. Each flower is carried by a rather long pedicel. Flowers may be white, pink or purplish. Petals are 18 to 23 mm long, obovate, usually somewhat wrinkled and three times longer than the calyx. Corolla has a diameter of 15–25 millimetres (0.59–0.98 in). They bloom from April to July. The flowers are hermaphroditic. The pollination is done by bees, flies, butterflies and moths. The fruit is a 4 to 7 cm long pod. [4][6]


IPNI, The International Plant Names Index
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Tela-botanica (in French)
Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora

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