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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales

Familia: Caricaceae
Genera: Carica – Cylicomorpha – JacaratiaJarillaVasconcellea


Caricaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl. 37, 42. (1829) nom. cons.

Type genus: Carica L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1036. (1753)


Dumortier, B.-C. 1829. Analyse des Familles de Plantes: avec l'indication des principaux genres qui s'y rattachent. 104 pp., Tournay, J. Casterman. BHL Reference page. : 37, 42.
Carvalho, F.A. & Renner, S.S. 2013. Correct names for some of the closest relatives of Carica papaya: A review of the Mexican/Guatemalan genera Jarilla and Horovitzia. PhytoKeys 29: 63–74. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.29.6103 Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2019. Caricaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Caricaceae. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 30 2019. 2019. Caricaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: باكسيات
azərbaycanca: Karikakimilər
català: Caricàcies
čeština: Papájovité
dansk: Melontræ-familien
Deutsch: Melonenbaumgewächse
English: Papaya family
Esperanto: Karikacoj
español: Caricáceas
eesti: Papaialised
فارسی: خربزه‌درختیان
suomi: Papaijakasvit
français: Caricacées
hrvatski: Papajevke
hornjoserbsce: Papajowcowe rostliny
magyar: Dinnyefafélék
italiano: Caricacee
日本語: パパイア科
перем коми: Карика котыр
한국어: 파파야과
kurdî: Famîleya dargindoran
lietuvių: Melionmediniai
македонски: Папаи
മലയാളം: കാരിക്കേസീ
norsk nynorsk: Papayafamilien
norsk: Papayafamilien
polski: Melonowcowate
русский: Кариковые
slovenščina: Papajevke
తెలుగు: కారికేసి
ไทย: วงศ์มะละกอ
Tiếng Việt: Họ Đu đủ
中文: 番木瓜科

The Caricaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Brassicales,[1] found primarily in tropical regions of Central and South America and Africa. They are usually short-lived evergreen pachycaul shrubs or small to medium-sized trees growing to 5–10 m tall. One species, Vasconcellea horovitziana is a liana and the three species of the genus Jarilla are herbs.[2] Some species, such as the papaya, bear edible fruit and produce papain.[3]

Based on molecular analyses, this family has been proposed to have originated in Africa in the early Cenozoic era, ~66 million years ago (mya). The dispersal from Africa to Central America occurred ~35 mya, possibly via ocean currents from the Congo delta. From Central America, the family reached South America 19-27 mya.[4]

The family comprises six genera and about 34-35 species:

Carica – one species, Carica papaya (papaya), Americas
Cylicomorpha – two species, Africa
Horovitzia – one species, Mexico
Jacaratia – eight species, Americas
Jarilla – four species, Americas
Vasconcellea – twenty species, Americas


"An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. 2009. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Carvalho, Fernanda; Renner, Susanne (2013). "Correct names for some of the closest relatives of Carica papaya: A review of the Mexican/Guatemalan genera Jarilla and Horovitzia". PhytoKeys (29): 63–74. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.29.6103. PMC 3881347. PMID 24399895.
"Home Page - BRAHMS Online".

Carvalho, FA; Renner, SS (2012). "A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 65 (1): 46–53. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.019. PMID 22659516.

Ghent University: Cylicomorpha checklist
e-Monograph of Caricaceae

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