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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Caryocaraceae
Genus: Caryocar
Species: C. amygdaliferum – C. amygdaliforme – C. brasiliense – C. coriaceum – C. costaricense – C. cuneatum – C. dentatum – C. edule – C. glabrum – C. gracile – C. harlingii – C. microcarpum – C. montanum – C. nuciferum – C. pallidum – C. villosum
Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2019. Caryocar. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30. Reference page.

Name

Caryocar L., 1771

Type species: Caryocar nuciferum L.

Synonyms

Acantacaryx Arruda
Barollaea Neck.
Pekea Aubl.
Rhizobolus Gaertn. ex Schreb.
Saouari Aubl.

References

Linnaeus, C. 1771. Mantissa Plantarum Altera. Generum Editionis VI et Specierum Editionis II. Holmiae [Stockholm]. pp. [6] + 143­–587, Appendix. BHL Reference page. :2: 154, 247

Links

Hassler, M. 2019. Caryocar. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Caryocar in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Caryocar. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 30 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Caryocar. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 30.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Caryocar in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: souari trees
українська: Каріокар

Caryocar (souari trees) is a genus of flowering plants, in the South American family Caryocaraceae described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1771.[3][4] It is native primarily to South America with a few species extending into Central America and the West Indies.[2]

Caryocar consists of trees that yield a strong timber. Some of the species within the genus Caryocar have edible fruits, called souari-nuts or sawarri-nuts.[5] The most well-known species is probably the Pekea-nut (C. nuciferum). In Brazil the Pequi (C. brasiliense) is most popular; it has a variety of uses, not the least among them being the production of pequi oil. Furthermore, some species are used by indigenous peoples to produce poisons for hunting.

Species[2]

Caryocar amygdaliferum Mutis - Colombia, Panama
Caryocar amygdaliforme G.Don - Ecuador, N Peru
Caryocar brasiliense A.St.-Hil. - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay
Caryocar coriaceum Wittm. - N Brazil
Caryocar costaricense Donn.Sm. - Costa Rica
Caryocar cuneatum Wittm. - Brazil
Caryocar dentatum Gleason - NW Brazil, Bolivia
Caryocar edule Casar. - Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
Caryocar glabrum (Aubl.) Pers. - French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil
Caryocar microcarpum Ducke - Lesser Antilles, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia
Caryocar montanum Prance - Guyana, Bolivia, Roraima
Caryocar nuciferum L. - Pekea-nut, Butter-nut of Guinea - St. Kitts, St. Vincent, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, N Brazil
Caryocar pallidum A.C.Sm. - NW Brazil, S Venezuela, Bolivia
Caryocar villosum (Aubl.) Pers. - French Guiana, Venezuela, N Brazil, Colombia

References

1847 illustration from Flore des serres et des jardins de l’Europe by Charles Lemaire and others. Gent, Louis van Houtte, 1847, volume 3 (plate 183-184).
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1771. Mantissa Plantarum 2: 154, 247
Tropicos, Caryocar L.
Hoehne (1946)

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