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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordoo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Dryadoideae
Tribus: Dryadeae
Genus: Chamaebatia
Species: C. australis – C. foliolosa

Chamaebatia Benth. (1849)

Type species: C. foliolosa Benth.


Bentham, G. 1849: Pl. Hartweg. 308.

Vernacular names
English: Mountain Misery

Chamaebatia, also known as mountain misery, is a genus of two species of aromatic evergreen shrubs endemic to California. Its English common name derives from early settlers' experience with the plant's dense tangle and sticky, strong-smelling resin.[1][2] They are actinorhizal, non-legumes capable of nitrogen fixation through symbiosis with the actinobacterium, Frankia.[3][4]


Chamaebatia comprises the following species:[5][6]

Chamaebatia australis (Brandegee) Abrams – Southern mountain misery
Chamaebatia foliolosa Benth. – Sierra mountain misery, bearclover, kit-kit-dizze[1]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:[5]

Chamaebatia foliolosa Newb.


Karen Wiese (5 February 2013). Sierra Nevada Wildflowers, 2nd: A Field Guide to Common Wildflowers and Shrubs of the Sierra Nevada. FalconGuides. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-7627-8034-1.
Bibby, Brian; Aguilar, Dugan (2005). Deeper Than Gold: Indian Life in the Sierra Foothills. Heyday. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-930588-96-0.
Swensen, S.M.; Mullin, B.C. (1997). "The impact of molecular systematics on hypotheses for the evolution of root nodule symbioses and implications for expanding symbioses to new host plant genera". Plant and Soil. 194: 185–192. doi:10.1023/A:1004240004063.
Oakley, B.; North, M.; Franklin, J. F.; Hedlund, B. P.; Staley, J. T. (2004). "Diversity and Distribution of Frankia Strains Symbiotic with Ceanothus in California" (PDF). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 70 (11): 6444–6452. doi:10.1128/AEM.70.11.6444-6452.2004. ISSN 0099-2240. PMC 525117. PMID 15528504. "Frankia strains symbiotic with Chamaebatia (Rosaceae) were within the same clade as several Ceanothus symbionts"
"The Plant List entry for Chamaebatia". The Plant List, v.1.1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. September 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
Govaerts R. "Chamaebatia Benth.". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

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