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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Chiococceae
Genus: Chiococca
Species: C. alba – C. auyantepuiensis – C. belizensis – C. caputensis – C. coriacea – C. cubensis – C. filipes – C. grandiflora – C. henricksonii – C. insularis – C. lucens – C. motleyana – C. multipedunculata – C. naiguatensis – C. nitida – C. oaxacana – C. pachyphylla

Chiococca Chiococca P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 164. (1756)

Type species: Chiococca alba Hitchc.,Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 94. (1893)


Asemnantha Hook., Gen. (Bentham & J.D.Hooker) 2: 106. (1873)


Browne, P. 1756. Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts 164.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Chiococca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 9. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Chiococca. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 9 2019. 2019. Chiococca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 9.

Chiococca is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.[1] It currently holds 23 species that are native to Florida, Texas, Mexico, Central America, much of South America, the West Indies, and the islands of Galápagos and Fernando de Noronha.[2][3][4]

The type species for the genus is Chiococca alba.[5] It ranges from Florida to Paraguay and is cultivated as an ornamental.[6]


Chiococca was named by Patrick Browne in 1756.[1] The generic name is derived from the Greek words χιών (chion), meaning "snow" and κόκκος (kokkos), meaning "kernel" or "berry".[7]

Chiococca is a member of the tribe Chiococceae.[8] Within the tribe, it is closely related to Bikkia.[9]

Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc. - Florida, Texas, Bermuda, Mexico, Central America, much of South America, the West Indies, and the Galápagos
Chiococca auyantepuiensis Steyerm. - Venezuela
Chiococca belizensis Lundell - Southern Mexico (Tabasco, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz), Central America, Colombia
Chiococca caputensis Lorence & C.M.Taylor - Panama
Chiococca coriacea M.Martens & Galeotti - Mexico (Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Quintana Roo)
Chiococca cubensis Urb. - Cuba
Chiococca filipes Lundell - Central America, Mexico (Chiapas)
Chiococca henricksonii M.C.Johnst. - Mexico (Coahuila)
Chiococca insularis (Ridley) C.M.Taylor & M.R.V. Barbosa - Fernando de Noronha, Brazil[4]
Chiococca lucens Standl. & Steyerm. - Venezuela (Sororopán-tepui)
Chiococca motleyana Borhidi - Belize, Guatemala, Mexico
Chiococca multipedunculata Steyerm. - Guyana
Chiococca naiguatensis Steyerm. - Venezuela
Chiococca nitida Benth.
Chiococca nitida var. amazonica Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil
Chiococca nitida var. chimantensis Steyerm. - Venezuela (Bolívar)
Chiococca nitida f. cordata (Cowan) Steyerm. - Guyana
Chiococca nitida var. nitida - French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Paraguay
Chiococca oaxacana Standl. - Mexico (Tamaulipas, Morelos, Puebla, Oaxaca)
Chiococca pachyphylla Wernham - Mexico (from Nuevo León to Chiapas), Central America, Colombia
Chiococca petrina Wiggins - Mexico (Sonora)
Chiococca phaenostemon Schltdl. - Southern Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Guerrero), Central America
Chiococca plowmanii Delprete - Brazil (Bahia)
Chiococca rubriflora Lundell - Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala
Chiococca semipilosa Standl. & Steyerm. - Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua)
Chiococca sessilifolia Miranda - Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas)
Chiococca steyermarkii Standl. - Guatemala
Chiococca stricta Correll - Bahamas


Browne, Patrick. 1756. Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts 164, Chiococca
Mabberley DJ (2008). Mabberley's Plant Book (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Chiococca
Figueira, Maurício; Schindler, Bianca; Jardim, Jomar G.; Barbosa, Maria Regina de V. (2020-10-30). "Rediscovery of Chiococca insularis (Ridley) C.M.Taylor & M.R.V. Barbosa (Rubiaceae), a species presumed extinct, on the island of Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil". Check List. 16 (5): 1407–1413. doi:10.15560/16.5.1407. ISSN 1809-127X.
Chiococca In: Index Nominum Genericorum. In: Regnum Vegetabile (see External links below).
Anthony J. Huxley, Mark Griffiths, and Margot Levy (editors). 1992. The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. The Macmillan Press Limited, London; The Stockton Press, New York. ISBN 978-0-333-47494-5 (set)
Quattrocchi U (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 1. Boca Raton, New York, Washington DC, London: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
"Genus Chiococca". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
Manns U, Bremer B (2010). "Towards a better understanding of intertribal relationships and stable tribal delimitations within Cinchonoideae s.s. (Rubiaceae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 56 (1): 21–39. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.002. PMID 20382247. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-27.

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