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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Prostantheroideae
Tribus: Chloantheae
Genus: Chloanthes
Species: C. coccinea – C. glandulosa – C. parviflora – C. stoechadis

Chloanthes R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 513 (1810)
Type species: Chloanthes stoechadis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 514 (1810)


Cloanthe Nees in R.Brown, Verm. Bot. Schr. 1: 78 (1825)
Hemistemon F.Muell., Fragm. 10: 73 (1876)


Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 513.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Chloanthes in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 21. Reference page. 2014. Chloanthes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 21.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Chloanthes. Published online. Accessed: June 21 2014.

Chloanthes is a genus of four species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae and is endemic to Australia. Plants in this genus are shrubs with hairy foliage, blistered or wrinkly leaves and flowers with five petals fused at the base, usually with two "lips".


Plants in the genus Chloanthes are shrubs with woolly-hairy foliage, erect stems and simple, sessile, decussate or whorled leaves with blistered or wrinkly edges and that more or less hide the branches. The flowers are arranged singly in leaf axils and are sessile, with bracts and bracteoles. The sepals are fused at the base with five lobes. The five petals are fused at the base with two "lips", the upper lip with two lobes and the lower lip with three, the middle lower lip larger than the others. There are four stamens attached near the middle of the petal tube. The fruit is a drupe with four locules, each containing a single seed.[5][6][7]

The genus Chloanthes was first formally described in 1810 by Robert Brown in his Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen.[8][9] In 1960, Arthur Allman Bullock nominated C. stoechadis as the type species, because it was "better known" in herbaria than the other species, C. glandulosa included in Brown's descriptions.[2][10]
Species list

The following is a list of species of Chloanthes accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at May 2021:[11]

Chloanthes coccinea Bartl. - Western Australia
Chloanthes glandulosa R.Br. - New South Wales
Chloanthes parviflora Walp. - New South Wales, Queensland
Chloanthes stoechadis R.Br - New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia


"Chloanthes". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
"Chloanthes". APNI. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
Bauer, Ferdinand (1813). Illustrantiones Florae Novae Hollandiae. London. p. 4. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Conn, Barry J. "Chloanthes". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
"Chloanthes". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
Munir, Ahmad Abid (1977). "A Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Chloanthes (Chloanthaceae)" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. 1 (2): 83–106. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
"Chloanthes". APNI. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae. London. pp. 513–514. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
Bullock, Arthur A. (1960). "Nomenclaturel Notes: XII. The Types of Some Generic Names". Kew Bulletin. 14 (1): 41. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
"Chloanthes". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 23 May 2021.

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