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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Eragrostideae
Subtribus: Eragrostidinae
Genus: Cladoraphis
Species: C. cyperoides – C. spinosa

Cladoraphis Franch., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 673 (1887)
Type species: Cladoraphis spinosa (L.f.) S.M.Phillips, Kew Bull. 37: 159 (1982)


Franchet, A.R. (1887) Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Paris 1: 673.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Cladoraphis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Cladoraphis. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13. 2013. Cladoraphis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Cladoraphis. Published online. Accessed: 13 Nov. 2013.

Cladoraphis (common name bristly lovegrass)[2][3] is a genus of African plants in the grass family, native to southern Africa.[4][5] Its phylogenetic position within the subfamily has not yet been resolved.[6][7]


Cladoraphis cyperoides (Thunb.) S.M.Phillips - Angola, Cape Province, Namibia; naturalized in the Columbia River Gorge in the US State of Oregon[10]
Cladoraphis spinosa (L.f.) S.M.Phillips - Western Cape and Northern Cape provinces of South Africa, Namibia; common name spiny love grass, volstruisgras or volstruisdoring (Afrikaans for ostrich grass).[11]

Both species occur along the coast of south western Africa. C. cyperoides occurs on coastal dunes from Angola all the way to the Cape peninsula. C. spinosa occurs on sandy flats from Namibia to Cape Agulhas and the Little Karoo.[12]

Cladoraphis spinosa is a spiny, bushy perennial up to 60 cm in height. Its leaves are lanceolate, rolled, rigid and pungent. Spikelets occur in rigid panicles, and primary branches are persistent, spiny, less than their own length apart, 6–18 mm long, and perpendicular to branchlets. It flowers in the austral summer months (August–May).[12]
Tropicos, Cladoraphis Franch.
Fardenguides, Bristly Lovegrass, Cladoraphis Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine/
United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile, Cladoraphis Franch. bristly lovegrass
Franchet, Adrien René. 1887. Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Paris 1: 673-674 description in Latin, commentary in French
Gibbs Russell, G.E., L. Watson, M. Koekemoer, L. Smook, N.P. Barker, H.M. Anderson, and M.J. Dallwitz. Grasses of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). National Botanic Gardens, Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa. 437 pp.
Peterson, P.M., K. Romaschenko, and G. Johnson. 2010. A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:580-598; doi10.1016/y.ympev.2010.01.018
Grassbase - The World Online Grass Flora
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
The Plant List search for Cladoraphis
Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
"Kyffhäuser flora - Cladoraphis spinosa". Retrieved 2019-08-06.
Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2012). Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Pretoria: Strelitzia 29- South African National Biodiversity Institute. ISBN 978-1-919976-74-7.

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