Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Combretaceae
Subfamiliae: Combretoideae – Strephonematoideae
Genera: CombretumConocarpusDansieaGetoniaGuieraLagunculariaLumnitzeraMacropteranthesMeiostemonStrephonemaTerminalia

Combretaceae R.Br. Prodr. 351. (1810) nom. cons.

Type genus: Combretum Loefl. Iter Hispan. 308. (1758)

Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. pp. i–viii + 145–590, Londini: R.Taylor. BHL Reference page. : 351. BHL

Additional references

Maurin, O., Chase, M.W., Jordaan, M. & Van Der Bank, M. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of Combretaceae inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data: implications for generic classification. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 162(3): 453–476. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2010.01027.x Reference page.
Maurin, O., Gere, J., van Der Bank, M. & Boatwright, J.S. 2017. The inclusion of Anogeissus, Buchenavia and Pteleopsis in Terminalia (Combretaceae: Terminaliinae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 184(3): 312-325. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box029 Reference page.
Maurin, O., Turner, I.M., Boatwright, J.S. & Christenhusz, M.J. 2020. New combinations in Combretaceae subtribe Combretinae from Africa and Asia. Phytotaxa 451(3): 231-237. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.451.3.6 Paywall Reference page.
Stace, C. 2010. Combretaceae (Flora Neotropica Monograph 107). NYBG Press, New York. JSTOR


Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Combretaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct. 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Combretaceae. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 5 2016. 2016. Combretaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Apr. 5.

Vernacular names
العربية: قمبريطية
azərbaycanca: Kombretkimilər
català: Combretàcies
čeština: Uzlencovité
Deutsch: Flügelsamengewächse
English: Indian-almond family, White-mangrove family
Esperanto: Kombretacoj
فارسی: گاروم‌زنگیان
日本語: シクンシ科
한국어: 사군자과
kurdî: Famîleya kombretan
lietuvių: Kliedminiai
മലയാളം: കോംബ്രട്ടേസീ
polski: Trudziczkowate
русский: Комбретовые
svenska: Tropikmandelväxter
తెలుగు: కాంబ్రిటేసి
ไทย: วงศ์สมอ
українська: Комбретові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Trâm bầu
中文: 使君子科

The Combretaceae, often called the white mangrove family, are a family of flowering plants in the order Myrtales. The family includes about 530 species of trees, shrubs, and lianas in ca 10 genera.[3] The family includes the leadwood tree, Combretum imberbe. Three genera, Conocarpus, Laguncularia, and Lumnitzera, grow in mangrove habitats (mangals).[4] The Combretaceae are widespread in the subtropics and tropics. Some members of this family produce useful construction timber, such as idigbo from Terminalia ivorensis. The commonly cultivated Quisqualis indica is now placed in the genus Combretum.

White mangrove family

The family name comes from the white mangrove, Laguncularia racemosa, found along seacoasts in tropical America and West Africa.

Anogeissus (DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.
Buchenavia Eichler
Bucida L.
Calycopteris Lam.
Combretum Loefl.
Conocarpus L.

Dansiea Byrnes
Guiera Adans. ex Juss.
Laguncularia C.F.Gaertn.
Lumnitzera Willd.
Macropteranthes F.Muell.
Meiostemon Exell & Stace

Pteleopsis Engl.
Quisqualis L.
Strephonema Hook.f.
Terminalia L.
Terminaliopsis Danguy
Thiloa Eichler[5]


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
"Family: Combretaceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Archived from the original on 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
"Lumnitzera". University of Queensland. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
"GRIN Genera of Combretaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2004-11-18. Retrieved 2010-11-27.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World