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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Myricaceae
Genus: Comptonia
Species: †C. columbiana - C. peregrina

Comptonia L'Her. in W.Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 334. 1789.
Vernacular names
English: Sweetfern

Comptonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myricaceae, native to parts of eastern North America. It has one extant (living) species, Comptonia peregrina,[1] and a number of extinct species.[2]

The living species was first described, as Liquidambar peregrina, by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, in the second volume of Species Plantarum. Further on in the same volume, he described Myrica aspleniifolia as a different species (with the epithet spelt asplenifolia). In 1763, he changed his mind concerning Myrica aspleniifolia, and it became Liquidambar aspleniifolia, and so in the same genus as Liquidambar peregrina.[3]

In 1789, Charles Louis L'Héritier placed Linnaeus's original Myrica aspleniifolia in his new genus Comptonia.[4] The genus is named in honor of Rev. Henry Compton (1632-1713), bishop of Oxford.

In 1894, John M. Coulter transferred Linnaeus's Liquidambar peregrina to Comptonia, and treated Linnaeus's Myrica aspleniifolia as a synonym.[3] Comptonia peregrina is now the only extant (living) species in the genus.[1]

"Comptonia L'Hér.", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2019-07-18
Xiao-Qing, Liang; Wilde, Volker; Ferguson, David K.; Kvaček, Zlatko; Ablaev, Albert G.; Wang, Yu-Fei & Li, Cheng-Sen (2010), "Comptonia naumannii (Myricaceae) from the early Miocene of Weichang, China, and the palaeobiogeographical implication of the genus", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 163 (1–2): 52–63, doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2010.09.004
Coulter, John M. (1894). "Myricaceae". Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club. 5. pp. 127–128. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
"Comptonia aspleniifolia (L.) L'Hér". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-07-19.

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