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Corydalis solida

Corydalis solida, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Papaveraceae
Subfamilia: Fumarioideae
Tribus: Fumarieae
Genus: Corydalis
Species: Corydalis solida
Subspecies: C. s. subsp. densiflora – C. s. subsp. oligantha – C. s. subsp. slivenensis – C. s. subsp. solida – C. s. subsp. subremota

Corydalis solida (L.) Clairv., Man. Herbor. Suisse: 371 (1811).

Fumaria bulbosa var. solida L., Sp. Pl. 2: 699. 1753

Fumaria bulbosa L., Sp. Pl. 2: 699. 1753, nom. rej.
Corydalis bulbosa (L.) DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 637. 1805 nom. rej.
Fumaria halleri Willd., Fl. Berol.: 229. 1787


Hassler, M. 2020. Corydalis solida. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 17. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Corydalis solida in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Corydalis solida. Published online. Accessed: 17 March 2020.

Vernacular names
čeština: Dymnivka plná
Cymraeg: Corydalis caledwraidd
Deutsch: Gefingerter Lerchensporn
English: Spring Fumewort
suomi: Pystykiurunkannus
français: Corydale à bulbe plein
Frysk: Helmblom
magyar: Ujjas keltike
lietuvių: Paprastasis rūtenis
Nederlands: Vingerhelmbloem
polski: Kokorycz pełna
русский: Хохлатка плотная
slovenčina: Chochlačka plná
svenska: Stor nunneört
українська: Ряст ущільнений

Corydalis solida, the fumewort, is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae, native to moist, shady habitats in northern Europe and Asia. Growing to 25 cm (10 in), it is a spring ephemeral, with foliage that appears in spring and dies down to its tuberous rootstock in summer. It is cultivated for its deeply divided, ferny leaves and narrow, long-spurred flowers which appear in spring. The flowers show color variation, and may be mauve, purple, red, or white.[1]

The species was originally named in 1753 by Linnaeus as the variety solida of his Fumaria bulbosa. It was raised to the species F. solida by Philip Miller in 1771. Its current assignment to the genus Corydalis was made by Joseph Philippe de Clairville in 1811.[2]

Four subspecies are recognized:[2]

C. solida subsp. incisa Lidén
C. solida subsp. longicarpa Lidén
C. solida subsp. solida
C. solida subsp. subremota Popov ex Lidén & Zetterlund

Corydalis solida 'George Baker'

C. solida subsp. incisa[3] (pale purple flowers) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Lidén, Magnus & Zetterlund, Henrik (1997). Corydalis : a gardener's guide and a monograph of the tuberous species. Pershore, UK: AGS Publications. ISBN 978-0-900048-66-1. pp. 40-47
"Corydalis solida subsp. incisa". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.

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