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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Celastrales

Familia: Celastraceae
Genus: Crossopetalum
Species: C. aquifolium – C. bokdamii – C. coriaceum – C. cristalense – C. decussatum – C. densiflorum – C. ekmanii – C. enervium – C. filipes – C. gaumeri – C. glabrum – C. gomezii – C. ilicifolium – C. lanceifolium – C. lobatum – C. macrocarpum – C. managuatillo – C. minimiflorum – C. mossambicense – C. orientale – C. oxyphyllum – C. panamense – C. parviflorum – C. parvifolium – C. pungens – C. rhacoma – C. riparium – C. rostratum – C. scoparium – C. serrulatum – C. shaferi – C. standleyi – C. subsessile – C. ternifolium – C. theodes – C. uragoga

Crossopetalum P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 145, t. 17, fig. 1. (1756)

Type species: Crossopetalum rhacoma Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 321. (1766)


Myginda Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 1, 12. (1760)
Rhacoma L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 896. (1759), nom. illeg.

Primary references

Browne, P. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts. London. BHL Reference page. : 145, t. 17, fig. 1.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Crossopetalum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 1. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Crossopetalum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 1. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Crossopetalum. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 1 2019. 2019. Crossopetalum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 1 Oct. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crossopetalum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Crossopetalum, commonly known as Christmas-berries or maiden berries, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Celastraceae. It comprises about 30-40 species.[2]


Crossopetalum taxa are shrubs or trees, with opposite or whorled persistent leaves with petiole and stipules. Inflorescences are axillary, regrouping white, pale green, reddish, or purplish radially symmetric flowers, with four sepals, four petals, and a four-carpellate pistil. Intrastaminal nectaries are annular and fleshy. Fruits are red drupes, with one-two seeds per fruit.[3]

The etymology of the genus name Crossopetalum derives from the two Ancient Greek words κροσσός (krossós), meaning "fringe", and πέταλον (pétalon), meaning "leaf of a flower".[4][5] It alludes to the fimbriate petals of the type species (C. rhacoma).[3]

The synonym name Myginda is a taxonomic anagram derived from the name of the confamilial genus Gyminda. The latter name is a taxonomic patronym honoring Franz von Mygind (1710 - 1789), a Danish-Austrian court official, who traveled to Barbados, collected plants with herbarium specimens hosted in the Hungarian Natural History Museum in Budapest, and was a friend of Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin.[6]

According to Plants of the World Online, 36 species are recognized.[7]

Crossopetalum aquifolium (Griseb.) Hitchc.
Crossopetalum bokdamii Breteler & Buerki
Crossopetalum coriaceum Northr.
Crossopetalum cristalense Borhidi
Crossopetalum decussatum (Baill.) Lourteig
Crossopetalum densiflorum Lundell
Crossopetalum ekmanii (Urb.) Alain
Crossopetalum enervium Hammel
Crossopetalum filipes (Sprague) Lundell
Crossopetalum gaumeri (Loes.) Lundell
Crossopetalum glabrum Lundell
Crossopetalum gomezii Lundell
Crossopetalum ilicifolium (Poir.) Kuntze
Crossopetalum lanceifolium (Lundell) Lundell
Crossopetalum lobatum Lundell
Crossopetalum macrocarpum (Brandegee) Lundell
Crossopetalum managuatillo (Loes.) Lundell
Crossopetalum minimiflorum Lundell
Crossopetalum mossambicense I.Darbysh.
Crossopetalum orientale Mory
Crossopetalum oxyphyllum (S.F.Blake) Lundell
Crossopetalum panamense Lundell
Crossopetalum parviflorum (Hemsl.) Lundell
Crossopetalum parvifolium L.O.Williams
Crossopetalum pungens (C.Wright) Rothm.
Crossopetalum rhacoma Crantz
Crossopetalum riparium (Lundell) Lundell
Crossopetalum rostratum (Urb.) Rothm.
Crossopetalum scoparium (Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze
Crossopetalum serrulatum (Loes.) I.Darbysh.
Crossopetalum shaferi (Britton & Urb.) Alain
Crossopetalum standleyi (Lundell) Lundell
Crossopetalum subsessile L.O.Williams
Crossopetalum ternifolium (Urb.) Alain
Crossopetalum theodes (Benth.) Kuntze
Crossopetalum uragoga (Jacq.) Kuntze


Grandtner, M. M. (2005-04-08). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: Volume 1: North America. Elsevier. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-08-046018-5.
Austin, Daniel F. (2004-11-29). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-203-49188-1.
"Crossopetalum - Flora of North America (FNA)". Retrieved 2020-05-31.
Bailly, Anatole (1981-01-01). Abrégé du dictionnaire grec français. Paris: Hachette. ISBN 978-2010035289. OCLC 461974285.
Bailly, Anatole. "Greek-french dictionary online". Retrieved May 31, 2020.
Burkhardt, Lotte (2018-06-06). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen - Erweiterte Edition. Index of Eponymic Plant Names - Extended Edition. Index de Noms éponymiques des Plantes - Édition augmentée (in German). Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin. p. G54. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5.
"Crossopetalum P.Browne | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-05-30.

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