Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Plantaginaceae
Tribus: Antirrhineae
Subtribus: Antirrhininae
Genus: Cymbalaria
Species: C. acutiloba – C. aequitriloba – C. ebelii – C. glutinosa – C. hepaticifolia – C. longipes – C. microcalyx – C. minor – C. muelleri – C. muralis – C. pallida – C. pilosa – C. pluttula – C. pubescens

Some of the above may turn out to be synonyms.

Cymbalaria Hill (1756)

Type species: C. muralis G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.


Hill, J. 1756: Brit. Herbal. 113.
Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 July 17 [1].
The Plant List 2013. Cymbalaria in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 12. 2014. Cymbalaria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 12.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Cymbalaria. Published online. Accessed: May 12 2014.

Vernacular names
čeština: Zvěšinec
Deutsch: Zimbelkräuter
English: Ivy-leaved Toadflax
eesti: Müürlill
suomi: Kilkat, kilkkaruohot
français: Cymbalaire
lietuvių: Cimbaliarija
svenska: Murrevssläktet

Cymbalaria is a genus of about 10 species of herbaceous perennial plants previously placed in the family Scrophulariaceae, but recently shown by genetic research to be in the much enlarged family Plantaginaceae.

The genus is native to southern Europe. It is closely related to the genera Linaria and Antirrhinum, differing in having creeping growth and flowers borne singly rather than in dense erect spikes. The common name toadflax is shared with Linaria and other related genera. The scientific name means "resembling a cymbal" for the somewhat rounded leaves.

By far the best known species is Cymbalaria muralis (also called ivy-leaved toadflax, and Kenilworth ivy), native to southwest Europe. It has widely naturalised elsewhere and is commonly sold as a garden plant. C. muralis characteristically grows in sheltered crevices in walls and pathways, or in rocks and scree, making a trailing or scrambling plant up to 1 m long.

Species list

Accepted species are:[3]

Cymbalaria aequitriloba (Viv.) A.Chev.
Cymbalaria bakhtiarica Podlech & Iranshahr
Cymbalaria glutinosa Bigazzi & Raffaelli
Cymbalaria hepaticifolia (Poir.) Wettst.
Cymbalaria longipes (Boiss. & Heldr.) A.Chev.
Cymbalaria microcalyx (Boiss.) Wettst.
Cymbalaria muelleri (Moris) A.Chev.
Cymbalaria muralis G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Schreb.
Cymbalaria pallida (Ten.) Wettst.
Cymbalaria pluttula (Rech.f.) Speta
Cymbalaria pubescens (J.Presl & C.Presl) Cufod.


Described as Cymbalaria by the English botanist, John Hill in 1756.[1][2]


"IPNI: Cymbalaria". International Plant Name Index. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
Hill, J. 1756. Brit. Herb. 113; cited in Druce in The Botanical Exchange Club of the British Isles Report for 1913, iii. 437.
Govaerts, R. et. al. 2018. "Plants of the World online: Cymbalaria". Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 28 May 2018.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World