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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Cynodonteae
Subtribus: Dactylocteniinae
Genus: Dactyloctenium
Species: D. aegyptium – D. aristatum – D. australe – D. bogdanii – D. buchananensis – D. capitatum – D. ctenoides – D. geminatum – D. giganteum – D. hackelii – D. pilosum – D. radulans – D. robecchii – D. scindicum

Dactyloctenium Willd., Enum. Pl.: 1029 (1809)
Type species: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd., Enum. Pl.: 1029 (1809)


Willdenow, C.L. von (1809) Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanici Berolinensis, . . . 2: 1029.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Dactyloctenium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 10. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Dactyloctenium. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 10. 2013. Dactyloctenium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 10.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Dactyloctenium. Published online. Accessed: 10 Nov. 2013.

Dactyloctenium is a genus of Asian, African, and Australian plants in the grass family.[1] A common name for the plants is crowfoot grasses.


Dactyloctenium aristatum - East Africa, Arabian Peninsula; Indian Subcontinent
Dactyloctenium aegyptium – Egyptian grass - much of Africa; Asia from Turkey to Taiwan to, Indonesia; various islands of Pacific + Indian Oceans; naturalized in Australia, the Americas, southern Europe; more Pacific Islands
Dactyloctenium australe – Durban grass - eastern + southern Africa; Madagascar
Dactyloctenium buchananensis - Queensland
Dactyloctenium capitatum - Madagascar
Dactyloctenium ctenoides - Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Aldabra, Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles, Chagos Islands, etc.
Dactyloctenium germinatum – Sudan crowfoot grass - eastern + southern Africa; Madagascar; naturalized in Maryland, southern Mexico
Dactyloctenium giganteum - eastern + southern Africa; Madagascar; naturalized in Queensland
Dactyloctenium hackelii - Socotra
Dactyloctenium pilosum - Kenya, Aldabra, Seychelles, Madagascar
Dactyloctenium radulans – buttongrass - Australia
Dactyloctenium robecchii - Djibouti, Somalia, Socotra, Yemen, Oman
Dactyloctenium scindicum - East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent; naturalized in Mexico

formerly included[2]

see Acrachne, Eragrostis and Harpochloa

Dactyloctenium falcatum – Harpochloa falx
Dactyloctenium henrardianum – Acrachne henrardiana
Dactyloctenium nitidum – Eragrostis nitida
Dactyloctenium perrieri – Acrachne perrieri
Dactyloctenium verticillatum – Acrachne racemosa


Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von 1809. Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanici Berolinensis, 2: 1029
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
The Plant List search for Dactyloctenium
Sanbi Red List of South African Plants, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Dactyloctenium
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 480 龙爪茅属 long zhao mao shu Dactyloctenium Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 2: 1029. 1809.

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