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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamilia: Acalyphoideae
Tribus: Plukenetieae
Genus: Dalechampia
Species: D. adscendens – D. affinis – D. alata – D. albibracteosa – D. allemii – D. anomala – D. arciana – D. arenalensis – D. aristolochiifolia – D. armbrusteri – D. attenuistylus – D. bangii – D. bernieri – D. bidentata – D. boliviana – D. brasiliensis – D. brevicolumna – D. brevipedunculata – D. brevipes – D. brownsbergensis – D. burchellii – D. burgeriana – D. burmanica – D. canescens – D. capensis – D. caperonioides – D. catatii – D. chevalieri – D. chlorocephala – D. cissifolia – D. clausseniana – D. clematidifolia – D. convolvuloides – D. coriacea – D. cujabensis – D. decaryi – D. denticulata – D. dioscoreifolia – D. elongata – D. falcata – D. fernandesii – D. ficifolia – D. fragrans – D. francisceana – D. galpinii – D. gentryi – D. glechomifolia – D. granadilla – D. guaranitica – D. hassleriana – D. hastata – D. herzogiana – D. heterobractea – D. hispida – D. humilis – D. hutchisoniana – D. ilheotica – D. indica – D. ipomoeifolia – D. juruana – D. karsteniana – D. katangensis – D. laevigata – D. leandrii – D. leucophylla – D. liesneri – D. linearis – D. luetzelburgii – D. magnistipulata – D. magnoliifolia – D. martiana – D. megacarpa – D. meridionalis – D. micrantha – D. micromeria – D. occidentalis – D. olfersiana – D. olympiana – D. osana – D. papillistigma – D. parvibracteata – D. pavoniifolia – D. peckoltiana – D. pentaphylla – D. pernambucensis – D. perrieri – D. psilogyne – D. purpurata – D. regnellii – D. reitzkleinii – D. riedeliana – D. riparia – D. rubrivenia – D. scandens – D. schenckiana – D. schippii – D. schottii – D. serrula – D. shankii – D. sinuata – D. spathulata – D. stenoloba – D. stenosepala – D. stipulacea – D. subintegra – D. subternata – D. sylvestris – D. tamifolia – D. tenuiramea – D. tiliifolia – D. trifoliata – D. triphylla – D. uleana – D. ulmifolia – D. variifolia – D. velutina – D. violacea – D. viridissima – D. weberbaueri – D. websteri – D. weddelliana
Source(s) of checklist:

Dalechampia Plum. ex L., Sp. Pl.: 1054 (1753).

Type species: Dalechampia scandens L.


Cremophyllum Scheidw., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9(1): 23 (1842).
Rhopalostylis Klotzsch ex Baill., Adansonia 5: 317 (1865).
Megalostylis S.Moore, J. Bot. 54: 250 (1916).

Primary references

Plumier, C. ex L., 1753. Species Plantarum 1054.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Dalechampia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jun 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Dalechampia. Published online. Accessed: Jun 10 2020. 2020. Dalechampia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 10 Jun 2020.

Vernacular names
中文: 黄蓉花属

Dalechampia is a genus of plant of the family Euphorbiaceae and of the monogeneric subtribe Dalechampiinae. It is widespread across lowland tropical areas (generally below 2,000 m ASL) primarily in the Americas with smaller numbers of species in Africa, Madagascar, and southern Asia.[1][2] Additional new species are still being described and several are very rare and at risk of extinction.[3][4][5][6]

Dalechampia has unisexual flowers that are secondarily united into bisexual blossoms (pseudanthia), which act as the pollination units. The pollination and floral evolution of this genus have been studied more intensively than perhaps any other member of the euphorbia family. In the neotropics (Americas), most species are pollinated by resin-collecting female bees, including euglossine bees and Hypanthidium of the Megachilidae, which use resin in nest construction. About a dozen neotropical species (including D. spathulata, shown below) are pollinated by fragrance-collecting male euglossine bees, which use these fragrances to attract females for mating. There are at least three independent pollination shifts from pollination by female resin-collecting bees to pollination by male fragrance-collecting bees. African and Asian species are also pollinated by resin-collecting megachilid bees, but Malagasy species are pollinated by pollen-feeding beetles and pollen-collecting bees.

Two species are of horticultural interest, D. spathulata and D. aristolochiifolia, have particularly showy blossoms with bright pink/purple bracts. Dalechampia aristolochiifolia, from Peru, has become very popular recently, but it is mistakenly advertised and distributed under the name D. dioscoreifolia.
Dalechampia aristolochiifolia
Dalechampia caperonioides
Dalechampia dioscoreifoila
Dalechampia linearis
Dalechampia peckoltiana
Dalechampia schippii
Dalechampia spathulata
Dalechampia tiliifolia


Dalechampia adscendens – Bolivia, Mato Grosso do Sul
Dalechampia affinis – N South America
Dalechampia alata – Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
Dalechampia albibracteosa – El Beni
Dalechampia allemii – Bahia
Dalechampia anomala – Paraguay, Paraná
Dalechampia arciana – Bahia
Dalechampia arenalensis – Costa Rica
Dalechampia aristolochiifolia – Peru
Dalechampia armbrusteri – Bahia, Espírito Santo
Dalechampia attenuistylus – Venezuela, Suriname, Fr Guiana
Dalechampia bangii – Bolivia, Paraguay, Rio Grande do Sul
Dalechampia bernieri – Madagascar
Dalechampia bidentata – Yunnan, SE Asia
Dalechampia boliviana – Bolivia, Paraguay, Rio Grande do Sul
Dalechampia brasiliensis – E Brazil
Dalechampia brevicolumna – Suriname, Fr Guiana
Dalechampia brevipedunculata – Amazonas in Brazil
Dalechampia brevipes – Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo
Dalechampia brownsbergensis – NE South America
Dalechampia burchellii – Goiás
Dalechampia burgeriana – Costa Rica
Dalechampia burmanica – Myanmar
Dalechampia canescens – SE Central America, NW South America
Dalechampia capensis – E + S Africa
Dalechampia caperonioides – Goiás, Brasília, Minas Gerais
Dalechampia catati – Madagascar
Dalechampia chevalieri – Cameroon, Central African Rep
Dalechampia chlorocephala – Madagascar
Dalechampia cissifolia – Mexico, Central America, NW + W South America
Dalechampia clausseniana – Brazil
Dalechampia clematidifolia – Madagascar
Dalechampia convolvuloides – E Brazil
Dalechampia coriacea – Bahia
Dalechampia cujabensis – Mato Grosso
Dalechampia decaryi – Madagascar
Dalechampia denticulata – Cuba
Dalechampia dioscoreifolia from Nicaragua to Bolivia
Dalechampia elongata – N Thailand
Dalechampia falcata – Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
Dalechampia fernandesii – Ceará
Dalechampia ficifolia – E Brazil
Dalechampia fragrans – Suriname, French Guiana
Dalechampia francisceana – Minas Gerais
Dalechampia galpinii – southern Africa
Dalechampia gentryi – Peru, NW Brazil
Dalechampia glechomifolia – S Brazil, Misiones
Dalechampia granadilla – Rio de Janeiro
Dalechampia guaranitica – Paraguay
Dalechampia hassleriana – Paraguay, Paraná
Dalechampia hastata – Amazonas in Brazil
Dalechampia herzogiana – Bolivia, Mato Grosso do Sul
Dalechampia heterobractea – N Brazil, Venezuela, 3 Guianas
Dalechampia hispida – Peru, Ecuador
Dalechampia humilis – Brazil
Dalechampia hutchisoniana – Peru
Dalechampia ilheotica – Pernambuco, Bahia
Dalechampia indica – S India, Sri Lanka
Dalechampia ipomoeifolia – tropical Africa
Dalechampia juruana – NW South America
Dalechampia karsteniana – N Colombia
Dalechampia katangensis – Katanga
Dalechampia laevigata – S Mexico, Belize, Honduras
Dalechampia leandrii – Rio de Janeiro
Dalechampia leucophylla – Goiás
Dalechampia liesneri – S Venezuela, NW Brazil
Dalechampia linearis – Brazil, Paraguay
Dalechampia luetzelburgii – Ceará, Pernambuco, Bahia
Dalechampia magnistipulata – Veracruz, Oaxaca
Dalechampia magnoliifolia – N + WC South America
Dalechampia martiana – São Paulo
Dalechampia megacarpa – S Venezuela, NW Brazil
Dalechampia meridionalis – Uruguay, S Brazil
Dalechampia micrantha – N + NW South America
Dalechampia micromeria – S Brazil, Paraguay
Dalechampia occidentalis – Mato Grosso
Dalechampia olfersiana – Minas Gerais
Dalechampia olympiana – Amazonas in Brazil
Dalechampia osana – Osa Peninsula
Dalechampia papillistigma – Bolívar
Dalechampia parvibracteata – NE South America
Dalechampia pavoniifolia – Somalia
Dalechampia peckoltiana – Rio de Janeiro
Dalechampia pentaphylla – Brazil
Dalechampia pernambucensis – Ceará, Pernambuco
Dalechampia perrieri – Madagascar
Dalechampia psilogyne – Goiás
Dalechampia purpurata – Bahia
Dalechampia regnellii – Minas Gerais
Dalechampia reitzkleinii – Santa Catarina
Dalechampia riedeliana – Mato Grosso
Dalechampia riparia – Santa Catarina
Dalechampia rubrivenia- Paraguay
Dalechampia scandens – Latin America, West Indies
Dalechampia schenckiana – Pernambuco
Dalechampia schippii – Belize
Dalechampia schottii – Yucatán
Dalechampia serrula – Canindeyú
Dalechampia shankii – Central America, Colombia, Ecuador
Dalechampia sinuata – Madagascar
Dalechampia spathulata – Central America, S Mexico
Dalechampia stenoloba – Karnataka
Dalechampia stenosepala – S Brazil, Paraguay, NE Argentina
Dalechampia stipulacea – South America
Dalechampia subintegra – Bahia
Dalechampia subternata – Madagascar
Dalechampia sylvestris – Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia
Dalechampia tamifolia – Mauritius, Comoros, Madagascar, SW India
Dalechampia tenuiramea – Brazil, S Venezuela, Bolivia
Dalechampia tiliifolia – Central America, S Mexico, N + W South America, Trinidad
Dalechampia trifoliata – E Africa
Dalechampia triphylla – São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro
Dalechampia uleana – Brazil, Peru, Bolivia
Dalechampia ulmifolia – E. Paraguay, Rio Grande do Sul, Misiones
Dalechampia variifolia – Minas Gerais
Dalechampia velutina – Tamil Nadu
Dalechampia violacea – Rio Grande do Sul
Dalechampia viridissima – Bahia, Espírito Santo
Dalechampia weberbaueri – Peru
Dalechampia websteri – Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Dalechampia weddelliana – Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1–4: 1–1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil "2010". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-08-20.. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
Martínez Gordillo, M., J. J. Ramírez, R. C. Durán, E. J. Arriaga, R. García, A. Cervantes & R. M. Hernández. 2002. Los géneros de la familia Euphorbiaceae en México. Anales del Instituto de Biología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Botánica 73(2): 155–281.
Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980–2005. Flora of Pakistan University of Karachi, Karachi

Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 258 黄蓉花属 huang rong hua shu Dalechampia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1054. 1753.

Armbruster WS. 1984. The role of resin in angiosperm pollination: ecological and chemical considerations. American Journal of Botany 71: 1149–1160.
Armbruster WS. 1985. Patterns of character divergence and the evolution of reproductive ecotypes of Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). Evolution 39: 733–752.
Armbruster WS. 1988. Multilevel comparative analysis of morphology, function, and evolution of Dalechampia blossoms. Ecology 69: 1746–1761.
Armbruster WS. 1990. Estimating and testing the shapes of adaptive surfaces: the morphology and pollination of Dalechampia blossoms. American Naturalist 135: 14–31.
Armbruster WS, Gong Y-B, Huang S-Q. 2011. Are pollination “syndromes” predictive? --Asian Dalechampia fit neotropical models. American Naturalist 178: 135–143.
Armbruster WS, Lee J, Edwards ME, Baldwin BG. 2013. Floral paedomorphy leads to secondary specialization in pollination of Madagascar Dalechampia (Euphorbiaceae). Evolution 67:1196–1203.
Armbruster WS, Herzig AL, 1984. Partitioning and sharing of pollinators by four sympatric species of Dalechampia (Euphorbiaceae) in Panama. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 71: 1–16.
Webster GL, Armbruster WS. 1991. A synopsis of the neotropical species of Dalechampia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, London 105: 137–177.
Webster GL, Webster BD. 1972. Morphology and relationships of Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). American Journal of Botany 59: 573–586.

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