Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Melodineae
Genus: Diplorhynchus
Species: D. condylocarpon

Diplorhynchus Welw. ex Ficalho & Hiern, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 22 (1881)

monotypic taxon


Neurolobium Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 749 (1888)


Welwitsch, F.M.J. 1881. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Botany. London 2: 22.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Diplorhynchus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Diplorhynchus. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 18 2017. 2017. Diplorhynchus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 18.

Diplorhynchus is a monotypic genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae native to tropical and southern Africa. As of August 2020, Plants of the World Online recognises the single species Diplorhynchus condylocarpon.[3]


Diplorhynchus condylocarpon grows as a shrub or small tree up to 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 2 metres (7 ft). Its fragrant flowers feature a white to creamy corolla. Fruit is green or brown with paired follicles, each up to 6.5 centimetres (2.6 in) long.[4] Vernacular names for the plant include "horn-pod tree" and "wild rubber".[5] The species' local traditional medicinal uses include as a treatment for indigestion, diarrhoea, fever, snakebite, infertility, venereal disease, diabetes, pneumonia and tuberculosis.[4]
Distribution and habitat

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon is native to an area from southern parts of the Republic of the Congo to the north of Namibia in the west and large parts of northern South Africa in the southeast.[1] Its habitat is dry woodland and hillsides from sea-level to 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) altitude.[4]

Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Diplorhynchus condylocarpon". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T146222814A146222816. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
"Diplorhynchus condylocarpon". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
"Diplorhynchus". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 229–230. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9.
"Diplorhynchus condylocarpon". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 17 August 2013.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World