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Dodecatheon meadia

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Primulaceae
Subfamilia: Primuloideae
Genus: Dodecatheon
Species: Dodecatheon meadia

Dodecatheon meadia L. (1753)

Primula meadia (L.) Mast & Reveal


Species Plantarum 1: 144–145. 1753. [1]

Vernacular names
suomi: Vuorijumaltenkukka

Primula meadia (syn. Dodecatheon meadia), the shooting star or eastern shooting star,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the primrose family Primulaceae. It is native to the eastern United States and Canada, spanning north from Manitoba and New York, south to Texas and Florida.[3][4]

It has a wide natural habitat, being found in both forests and prairies. It is most often found in calcareous areas.[3][5] It can be locally common in some areas of its range, however, it can become rare on its geographic edges.[3]

Primula meadia is a perennial, growing to 8–20 in (203–508 mm) high, with flowers that emerge from a basal rosette of leaves (scapose). It blooms in the spring. The flowers are nodding, and form an umbel. Its seeds are dispersed by gusts of wind that shake the erect scapes.[6]

This species is geographically widespread, and has considerable morphological variation across its range. Most southern population have white petals, while northern populations have white to pink, lavender, or magenta petals.[3][7]


Primula meadia and the white-flowered form P. meadia f. album have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8][9][10]

Primula meadia 'Goliath' is a cultivar that grows larger flowers on taller scapes.[11]

"Primula meadia (L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 9 August 2020. Dodecatheon meadia
Dodecatheon meadia Flora of North America
"Dodecatheon meadia". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
Weakley, Alan S. (2018), Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, working draft of 20 August 2018, University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Shooting Star, Dodecatheon meadia Illinois Wildflowers
Wilhelm, Gerould; Rericha, Laura (2017). Flora of the Chicago Region: A Floristic and Ecological Synthesis. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
"RHS Plantfinder - Dodecatheon meadia". Retrieved 2020-05-23.
"Dodecatheon meadia f. album". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 29. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
Steiner, Lynn M. 2006. Landscaping with native plants of Michigan. St. Paul, MN: MBI Pub. Co. Page 82.

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