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Dolichandrone spathacea25

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Bignoniaceae
Tribus: Tecomeae
Genus: Dolichandrone
Species: Dolichandrone spathacea

Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) Seem., J. Bot. 1: 226 (1863).

Bignonia spathacea L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 283 (1782).
Bignonia longissima Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 380 (1790), nom. illeg.
Spathodea longiflora P.Beauv., Fl. Oware 1: 47 (1805).
Spathodea rheedei Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 835 (1825).
Pongelia longiflora Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 79 (1838), not validly publ.
Spathodea grandiflora Zipp. ex Span., Linnaea 15: 326 (1841).
Spathodea rostrata Span., Linnaea 15: 326 (1841).
Spathodea loureiroana DC., Prodr. 9: 209 (1845).
Spathodea luzonica Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2: 350 (1845).
Spathodea diepenhorstii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 754 (1861).
Dolichandrone rheedei (Spreng.) Seem., J. Bot. 8: 380 (1870).
Dolichandrone longissima (Lour.) K.Schum. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 240 (1894).

Native distribution areas:

Seemann, B.C. (1863) J. Bot. 1: 226


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Dolichandrone spathacea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 30. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Dolichandrone spathacea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Dolichandrone spathacea. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 30 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Dolichandrone spathacea in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 30. 2019. Dolichandrone spathacea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 30.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Dolichandrone spathacea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names

Dolichandrone spathacea, also known as tui[2] or mangrove trumpet tree[3] (Thai: แคทะเล or แคป่า, khae thale or khae pa; Tagalog: tui, tue or tuy), is a species of plant in the family Bignoniaceae. It is found from South India, Sri Lanka to New Caledonia.[2]

Cultural significance

In Sri Lanka, it is known as "දිය දග - diya daga" in Sinhala.

In Southeast Asia, the leaves and barks of the Dolichandrone spathacea are used as traditional herbal medicine which is used to treat bacterial infections such as oral thrush, bronchitis, and gastrointestinal diseases.[4]

The flower is edible and it is part of Thai cuisine, where it is known as Dok Khae Thale or Dok Khae Pa,[5] being sometimes confused with Markhamia stipulata —also having the alternative name แคป่า Dok Khae Pa in Thai. The Dolichandrone spathacea flower, however, is white and not yellowish or red and looks thinner. It is usually eaten sauteed or in Kaeng som.
See also

Markhamia stipulata, also known as แคป่า khae pa in Thai
Sesbania grandiflora, known as ดอกแค khae in Thai
Edible flowers
List of Thai ingredients


The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 18 September 2016
Guide to the mangroves of Singapore
Flowers of India, retrieved 11 February 2017
Nguyen, P.-D., Abedini, A., Gangloff, S. C., & Lavaud, C. (2018). Antimicrobial Constituents from Leaves of Dolichandrone spathacea and Their Relevance to Traditional Use. Planta Medica International Open, 5(1), e14–e23.]
ลวกดอกแคป่า ยอดดอกโนกินกับแจ้วเห็ดเฟียง - Cooking Dok khae Pa

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