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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Doryanthaceae
Genus: Doryanthes
Species: D. excelsa - D. palmeri
Name

Doryanthes Correa, 1802.
Synonymy

Dorathanthes Lemaire in Orbigny, Dict. Hist. Nat. 5. 117. 1849. orph. var.

Type species: D. excelsa Corr. Serr.
References
Primary references

Corrêa da Serra, J.F., 1802. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 6: 211, t. 23–24 1802.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Doryanthes in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Doryanthes in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Doryanthes. Published online. Accessed: Mar 19 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Doryanthes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19 .

Vernacular names
suomi: Keihäskukat
svenska: Spjutliljesläktet

Doryanthes is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Doryanthaceae. The genus consists of two species, D. excelsa (gymea lily) and D. palmeri (giant spear lily), both endemic natives of the coast of Eastern Australia.[3] Doryanthaceae is part of the order Asparagales (the asparagoid lilies).

Plants grow in a rosette form, only flowering after more than 10 years. They enjoy a warm environment, good soil, and much water during the warmest time of the year.[3]
Systematics

The genus Doryanthes was first described in 1802 by the Portuguese priest, statesman, philosopher and botanist José Francisco Corrêa da Serra (1751–1823), a close friend of Joseph Banks. D. excelsa or gymea lily, which is endemic to southern Sydney and the Illawarra, inspired the naming of Doryanthes, the journal of history and heritage for Southern Sydney founded by Dharawal historian Les Bursill.

The family Doryanthaceae, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots, has only recently been recognized by taxonomists.[2] Formerly the genus was usually placed in the family Agavaceae,[4] now the subfamily Agavoideae of the family Asparagaceae.
References

Search for "Doryanthes", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-06-01
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x
Botanica : The Illustrated A–Z of over 10,000 garden plants and how to cultivate them, Köln: Köneman, 2004, ISBN 978-3-8331-1253-9, p. 312
Blunden, G.; Yi, Yi & Jewers, K. (1973), "The comparative leaf anatomy of Agave, Beschorneria, Doryanthes and Furcraea species (Agavaceae: Agaveae)", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 66 (2): 157–179, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1973.tb02167.x

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