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Enkianthus campanulatus

Enkianthus campanulatus , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Enkianthoideae
Genus: Enkianthus
Sectio: E. sect. Meisteria
Species: Enkianthus campanulatus
Varietates: E. c. var. longilobus – E. c. var. lutescens – E. c. var. palibinii

Enkianthus campanulatus (Miq.) G.Nicholson (1884)

Andromeda campanulata Miq.
Meisteria campanulata (Miq.) Nakai
Tritomodon campanulatus (Miq.) Maekawa ex Hara

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asie
Regional: Eastern Asie
Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Nicholson, G. 1884. The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening, a Practical and Scientific Encyclopaedia of Horticulture for Gardeners and Botanists. Vol. I. A to E. London: L.U. Gill. BHL Reference page. : 1:510.


Hassler, M. 2020. Enkianthus campanulatus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 21. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Enkianthus campanulatus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Enkianthus campanulatus. Published online. Accessed: Apr 21 2020. 2020. Enkianthus campanulatus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 21.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Enkianthus campanulatus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
suomi: Kellopensas
한국어: 등대꽃

The hardiest of Enkianthus species is E. campanulatus (furin-tsutsuji or redvein enkianthus), a medium-sized, narrow, upright, deciduous shrub. Its bright green glossy foliage gives brilliant coppery to red fall colors. In spring it offers a profusion of bell-shaped (campanula, "little bell"), creamy white flowers with red veins, similar to those of the distantly related Pieris.[1]

The plant was brought to England by Charles Maries, who was plant-hunting in Japan at the time for Veitch Nurseries. The shrub can exceed expectations of height under the right circumstances, as at William Robinson's Gravetye Manor, where a pair planted about the turn of the 20th century reached 15 ft (5 m).[2]

Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Spacing: 4' to 5' apart
Average height x width: 10' tall x 5' wide
Fertilizing: Fertilize in spring just before new growth begins
Cold hardiness: -20 °F
Water use: Keep soil evenly moist. Prefers acid, well-drained soil.

Widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens, this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

"Enkianthus campanulatus". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and Their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Enkianthus".
"Enkianthus campanulatus". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 35. Retrieved 6 February 2018.

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