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Epiphyllum chrysocardium

Epiphyllum chrysocardium, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Hylocereeae
Genus: Epiphyllum
Species: Epiphyllum chrysocardium

Epiphyllum chrysocardium Alexander, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 28: 4, figs. 2, 3, 5. 1956.

Type: Mexico, Chiapas, Selva Negra, between Tapalapa and Blanca Rosa near Santa Lucía and Río Napak, 9.2. 1951, MacDougal A 198 (holotype NY 455205, in spirit, isotypes B-10 0277790, B-10 0277791)


Marniera chrysocardium (Alexander) Backeb., Cactaceae (Backeberg) 2: 737. 1959.
Marniera chrysocardia (Alexander) Backeb., Cactaceae 2: 737. 1959
Selenicereus chrysocardium (Alexander) Kimnach, Bradleya 9: 91. 1991.
Chiapasophyllum chrysocardium (Alexander) Doweld, Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 32. 2001 publ. 2002.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico (Tabasco, Chiapas).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Alexander, E.J. 1956. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 28: 3–6.

Additional references

Doweld, A.B. [2001 publ. 2002] Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 32.
Kimnach, M.W. 1991. Bradleya 9: 91.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Epiphyllum chrysocardium in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Epiphyllum chrysocardium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Epiphyllum chrysocardium. Published online. Accessed: Dec 22 2021. 2021. Epiphyllum chrysocardium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 Dec 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Epiphyllum chrysocardium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 22. Reference page.

Vernacular names

Epiphyllum chrysocardium (syn.: Selenicereus chrysocardium) is an epiphytic cactus native to Mexico,[1] commonly called fern leaf cactus, golden heart epiphyllum, shark tooth cactus and shark fin cactus. It used to be the only species in the genus Chiapasophyllum or one of the species in the genus Selenicereus, but molecular phylogenetic studies show that it belongs to Epiphyllum.[2][3]

"Epiphyllum chrysocardium Alexander". Plants of the World Online. Kew Science. Retrieved 2021-12-12.
Cruz, Miguel Ángel; Arias, Salvador; Terrazas, Teresa (2016). "Molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Disocactus (Cactaceae), based on the DNA sequences of six chloroplast markers". Willdenowia. 46 (1): 145–164.

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