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Eriophorum vaginatum

Eriophorum vaginatum, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Scirpeae
Genus: Eriophorum
Species: Eriophorum vaginatum

Eriophorum vaginatum L., Sp. Pl.: 52 (1753).

Linagrostis vaginata (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 47 (1771).
Scirpus vaginatus (L.) Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 31 (1796), nom. illeg.
Plumaria vaginata (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 196 (1902).
Eriophorum caespitosum Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 1: 30 (1801).
Eriophorum caespitosum var. humilius E.Mey., Pl. Labrador.: 21 (1830).
Eriophorum callithrix Lange in G.C.Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan. Suppl.: t. 122 (1874).
Eriophorum kerneri Ullep., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 43: 421 (1893).
Eriophorum callitrix var. erubescens Fernald, Rhodora 7: 85 (1905).
Eriophorum fauriei E.G.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 249 (1910).
Eriophorum spissum Fernald, Rhodora 27: 208 (1925 publ. 1926).
Eriophorum spissum var. erubescens (Fernald) Fernald, Rhodora 27: 209 (1926).
Eriophorum scabridum Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 187 (1931).
Eriophorum vaginatum subsp. spissum (Fernald) Hultén, Acta Univ. Lund., 2, 38(1): 286 (1942).
Scirpus fauriei (E.G.Camus) T.Koyama, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 7: 358 (1958).
Eriophorum vaginatum subsp. fauriei (E.G.Camus) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Univ. Colorado Stud., Ser. Biol. 17: 13 (1965).
Eriophorum vaginatum var. spissum (Fernald) B.Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 94: 524 (1967).
Eriophorum vaginatum var. fauriei (E.G.Camus) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur.: 150 (1979).
Eriophorum vaginatum f. erubescens (Fernald) B.Boivin, Provancheria 25: 45 (1992).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Subarctic & Temp. Northern Hemisphere
Alaska; Alberta; Altay; Amur; Austria; Baltic States; Belarus; Belgium; British Columbia; Buryatiya; Central European Russia; Chita; Connecticut; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; East European Russia; Finland; France; Føroyar; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Greenland; Hungary; Indiana; Inner Mongolia; Ireland; Irkutsk; Italy; Japan; Kamchatka; Kazakhstan; Khabarovsk; Korea; Krasnoyarsk; Kuril Is.; Labrador; Magadan; Maine; Manchuria; Manitoba; Masachusettes; Michigan; Minnesota; Mongolia; Netherlands; New Brunswick; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; Newfoundland; North Caucasus; North European Russia; Northwest European Russia; Northwest Territorie; Norway; Nova Scotia; Nunavut; Ontario; Pennsylvania; Poland; Primorye; Prince Edward I.; Quebec; Rhode I.; Romania; Sakhalin; Saskatchewan; South European Russia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Transcaucasus; Turkey; Tuva; Ukraine; Vermont; West Siberia; Wisconsin; Yakutskiya; Yugoslavia; Yukon

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 52.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Eriophorum vaginatum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Feb 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Eriophorum vaginatum. Published online. Accessed: Feb 25 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Eriophorum vaginatum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Feb 25. Reference page. 2020. Eriophorum vaginatum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 25 Feb 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eriophorum vaginatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Scheiden-Wollgras
eesti: Tupp-villpea
suomi: Tupasvilla

Eriophorum vaginatum, the hare's-tail cottongrass,[1] tussock cottongrass, or sheathed cottonsedge, is a species of perennial herbaceous flowering plant in the sedge family Cyperaceae. It is native to bogs and other acidic wetlands throughout the Holarctic Kingdom. It is a 30–60 cm high tussock-forming plant with solitary spikes.

The head of Eriophorum vaginatum

Eriophorum vaginatum is a 30– to 60-cm-high tussock-forming plant with extremely narrow, almost hair-like leaves. On the flowering stems there is a single, inflated leaf-sheath, without a lamina, hence the species epithet ("sheath" is "vagina" in latin). The inflorescence is a dense, tufted, solitary spike.[2] Fruiting stems elongate considerably, reaching well above the leaves.
Distribution and habitat
Eriophorum vaginatum

Eriophorum vaginatum occurs throughout much of the boreal and arctic zones of Eurasia and North America. It prefers acidic, moist to wet, peaty soil and may be dominant in bogs, poor fens and the heathlands of Western Europe. It is also common on the tundra.[3][2] Common in Scotland, it is sometimes referred to as draw-ling or drawmoss.[4][5]

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Howard, Janet L. (1993). "Eriophorum vaginatum". Fire Effects Information System (FEIS). US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Forest Service (USFS), Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
Wein, R.W. (1973). Eriophorum vaginatum L. Journal of Ecology, 61, 601-615.
"Dictionaries of the Scots Language:: SND :: Draw".
Highlands and Islands, Darling and Boyd,Pub.Collins, The Fontana New Naturalist,1969.

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