Fine Art

Colorines plant from the Texan Desert (2)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Erythrininae
Genus: Erythrina
Subgenus: E. subg. Erythrina
Sectio: E. sect. (ined.)
Species: Erythrina americana

Erythrina americana Mill.

Gard. dict. ed. 8: Erythrina no. 5. 1768
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Erythrina americana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Erythrina America (coral tree, colorines, colorín, or pemoches), is a flowering plant of the genus Erythrina which is native to Mexico. Colorín (plural colorines) is the name of a type of tree, Erythrina americana also called Tzompāmitl. The word colorín means color chillón—a “gaudy” or “loud” color (Williams 1959).

Colorines plant also called, cuchillitos (little knives) or machetitos (little machetes), zompantle, or coral is a nice flower, red in color and every individual flower resembles a little machete, the flower is edible[2] and is boiled (only the red part of the flower) and cooked with scrambled eggs or tuna in many parts of south Mexico.
Colorines, machetitos machete Erythrina americana plant from Texas

This variety flowers during the dry season (April) in many parts, and the plant is very popular with hummingbirds because of the bright red color, the plant ranges from a few feet off the ground to trees five meters tall.

The earliest depiction of this tree in America is in the Florentine Codex. In the 17th century, Francisco Hernández commented: "The juice from the flowers of this tree, given to children induces drowsiness and sleepless".[3]

Other sites explain that although the flower is edible,[4] the seeds and everything else in the tree is highly toxic, in Mexico, the grounded seeds are used as rat poison and the bark is used as fish poison.[5]

E. americana is a tree that grows to 4-5m. It has pale, brown, smooth bark and a spreading and profusely branching crown. It sheds its leaves during winter and the dry season. Leaves are . It has sprines on the branches and conical, flat spines on the trunk. Leaves are arranged alternately and are trifoliate with rhombic-ovate leaflets that are 7-22cm long and broad.[6]


The flower is edible, This tree is very popular with kids who use the flowers as a little knives to stab each other. The ground seeds and bark are used as poison, The tree is also used to make traditional crafts in many Mexican states, specially traditional dance masks[4][dead link] and is also used as fence post in many parts of Veracruz Mexico, it is a beautiful and hardy tree, some varieties even tolerate frost.

The tall varieties of this plant are rarely used as a garden plant, but the dwarf varieties are used as garden plants because they tolerate frost, they tolerate heat and come from dry places, and they flower early and attract hummingbirds.
Colorines, machetitos machete Erythrina americana plant from Texas

"Erythrina americana Mill. — The Plant List". The Plant List. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
"Cocinando Flores de Colorín – Carlos Lázaro". Archived from the original on 2016-09-18. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
"Zompantle o colorín (Erythrina americana Miller). Tlahui - Medic No. 20, II/2005". Retrieved 4 September 2016.
"La Jornada Morelos en Internet". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
Tull, Delena (1 January 1999). Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest: A Practical Guide. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9780292781641. Retrieved 4 September 2016 – via Google Books.
García-Mateos; Soto-Hernández; Vibrans (2001). "Erythrina americana Miller ("Colorín"; Fabaceae), a Versatile Resource from Mexico: A Review". Economic Botany. 55 (3): 391–400. doi:10.1007/BF02866562. JSTOR 4256454. S2CID 43803038.

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