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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Subgenus: E. subg. Symphyomyrtus
Sectio: E. sect. Dumaria
Series: E. ser. Rufispermae
Species: Eucalyptus calcareana

Eucalyptus calcareana Boomsma

Eucalyptus calcareana, commonly known as the Nundroo mallee or Nundroo gum,[3] is a mallee or a small tree that is endemic to the south coast of Australia. It has smooth, greyish or cream-coloured bark, lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, creamy-white flowers and cup-shaped to conical fruit.


Eucalyptus calcareana is a mallee or a small tree that typically grows to a height of about 8 metres (26.2 ft) and forms a lignotuber. It has smooth grey, cream-coloured, white and orange bark that is shed in short ribbons. Young plants and coppice regrowth have leaves arranged alternately and dull bluish green, egg-shaped to broadly lance-shaped 60–100 mm (2.4–3.9 in) long and 34–45 mm (1–2 in) wide. Adult leaves are lance-shaped to curved, the same glossy green on both sides, 75–140 mm (3.0–5.5 in) long and 10–25 mm (0.4–1 in) wide on a petiole 10–30 mm (0.39–1.2 in) long. The flower buds are borne in groups of seven or nine in leaf axils on an unbranched peduncle 7–16 mm (0.28–0.63 in) long, the individual buds on a pedicel 1–5 mm (0.039–0.20 in) long. Mature buds are oval to cylindrical, 7–13 mm (0.28–0.51 in) long and 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) wide with a conical operculum 2.5–6 mm (0.098–0.24 in) long. Flowering mainly occurs in March and April and the flowers are creamy white. The fruit is a woody cup-shaped or conical capsule 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) long and 6–9 mm (0.2–0.4 in) wide on a pedicel 1–4 mm (0.039–0.16 in) long, the valves just above of slightly below the rim.[4][5][6][7][8][9]
Taxonomy and naming

Eucalyptus calcareana was first formally described in 1979 by Clifford Boomsma from specimens collected near Nundroo.[7][10] The specific epithet (calcareana) is derived from the Latin word calcareus meaning "of lime" or "limy"[11] referring to the soil type where this species grows.[5]
Distribution and habitat

Nundroo mallee is found along the south coast of the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia and the south coast of South Australia.[9] It is found from the east of Esperance to coastal areas of the western Eyre Peninsula.[9][12]
Use in horticulture

This eucalypt is grown in exposed locations and is suitable as a windbreak or shade tree.[12]
See also

List of Eucalyptus species


Fensham, R., Laffineur, B. & Collingwood, T. 2019. Eucalyptus calcareana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T133374988A133374990. Downloaded on 22 September 2021.
"Eucalyptus calcareana". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Dean Nicolle. "Native Eucalypts of South Australia". Retrieved 19 October 2016.
"Eucalyptus calcareana (Myrtaceae) Nundroo Mallee". Seeds of South Australia. South Australian Seed Conservation Centre, Botanic Gardens of South Australia. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
"Eucalyptus calcaareana Nundroo mallee, Nundroo gum". Euclid: Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Chippendale, George M. "Eucalyptus calcareana". Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Boomsma, Clifford David (1979). "Four new species of Eucalyptus L'Hérit. from South Australia" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. 1 (6): 361–363. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Nicolle, Dean (2013). Native eucalypts of South Australia. Adelaide: Dean Nicolle. pp. 130–131. ISBN 9780646904108.
"Eucalyptus calcareana". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Eucalyptus calcareana". APNI. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 484.
"Eucalyptus calcareana Nundroo Mallee". Plant Selector. Botanic Gardens of South Australia. Retrieved 23 July 2017.

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