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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Subgenus: E. subg. Symphyomyrtus
Sectio: E. sect. Maidenaria
Subsectio: E. subsect. Euryotae
Series: E. ser. Kitsonianae
Species: Eucalyptus kitsoniana

Eucalyptus kitsoniana Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucalyptus 3: 164 (1916), as "E. Kitsoniana"

Replaced synonym
Eucalyptus kitsonii Luehm. ex Maiden, Vict. Naruralist 21: 112 (1904), as 'Eucalyptus kitsoni', nom. illeg., non H.Deane (1902), fossil name
Syntypes: A.W. Howitt s.n. (14 November 1888, comm. J.G. Luemann; NSW {NSW315578, NSW315579} [both 'HOLOTYPE']; ⧼Iso[syn]type⧽: MEL 0075437A(JSTOR)) et A.E. Kitson s.n. (3 February 1903; NSW {cf. NSW314684, NSW314685}).
Note: both Chippendale (1988) and Slee et al. (2020) cite only Kitson s.n. as type.
Type locality: [Australia.] Victoria:
Howitt: Gippsland, Foster.
Kitson: Powlett plains.
Eucalyptus sp. nov. sensu Luehm., Vict. Naturalist 17: 81 (1900)
Note: vide Maiden (1904).

Misapplied names

Eucalyptus gunnii auct. non Hook.f.: A.W.Howitt, Trans. Roy. Soc. Victoria 2: 101 (1891), quoad '(b)'
Note: vide Maiden (1904).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Eucalyptus kitsoniana buds

Eucalyptus kitsoniana fruit

Primary references

Maiden, J.H. 1904. Descriptions of two Victorian eucalypts. The Victorian Naturalist 21(8): 112–116. BHL Reference page.
Maiden, J.H. 1917. A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus​. Vol. 3. Parts 21–30. Sydney: William Applegate Gullick. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Howitt, A.W. 1891. The Eucalypts of Gippsland. (With Plates 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16). Transactions of the Royal Society of Victoria 2: 81–120. BHL Reference page.
Chippendale, G.M. 1988. Eucalyptus. In: Flora of Australia 19: 1–448; 495–507 (Appendix). AGPS. Online. Reference page. [see page 345.]


IUCN: Eucalyptus kitsoniana Maiden (Endangered) - Assessed by R. Fensham, B. Laffineur & T. Collingwood on 8 March 2019.
Slee, A.V., Brooker, M.I.H., Duffy, S.M. & West, J.G. 2020. Eucalyptus_kitsoniana. EUCLID: Eucalypts of Australia. Fourth Edition. Accessed: 2022 September 28
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Eucalyptus kitsoniana in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 September 28. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eucalyptus kitsoniana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Gippsland Mallee

Eucalyptus kitsoniana, commonly known as the Gippsland mallee[2] or bog gum,[3] is a species of small tree or mallee and is endemic to Victoria. It has mostly smooth bark, a crown containing juvenile, intermediate and adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven, white flowers and sessile, cup-shaped to hemispherical fruit.


Eucalyptus kitsoniana is a tree or mallee that typically grows to a height of 10 m (33 ft) and forms a lignotuber. It has smooth white to grey bark, sometimes with accumulated slabs of rough bark near the base and ribbons of shed bark above. The crown contains a mixture of juvenile, intermediate and adult leaves. Juvenile leaves are sessile, arranged in opposite pairs, a lighter shade of green on the lower side, broadly lance-shaped to more or less round, up to 100 mm (3.9 in) long and 80 mm (3.1 in) wide. Adult leaves are arranged alternately, the same glossy green on both sides, 75–180 mm (3.0–7.1 in) long and 15–35 mm (0.59–1.38 in) wide on a flattened petiole 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long. The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven on an unbranched peduncle 5–25 mm (0.20–0.98 in) long, the individual buds sessile and the groups surrounded by bracts when young. Mature buds are oval to oblong, 6–9 mm (0.24–0.35 in) long and 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) wide with a conical to rounded operculum. Flowering occurs between August and March and the flowers are white. The fruit is a sessile, cup-shaped to hemispherical capsule, 4–9 mm (0.16–0.35 in) long and 7–11 mm (0.28–0.43 in) wide, the valves near rim level.[2][3][4]
Taxonomy and naming

Eucalyptus kitsoniana was first formally described in 1916 by Joseph Maiden and the description was published in his book A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus.[5] The specific epithet honours the geologist Albert Ernest Kitson who was a keen naturalist.[6][7]
Distribution and habitat

The Gippsland mallee is endemic to Victoria and is found near watercourse inland and on coastal plains, often growing in small, pure stands. It mainly occurs between Yarram and Cape Otway, near Portland and on Wilsons Promontory.[2][3]

"Eucalyptus kitsoniana". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
Chippendale, George M. "Eucalyptus kitsoniana". Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
Brooker, M. Ian H.; Slee, Andrew V. "Eucalyptus kitsoniana". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
"Eucalyptus kitsoniana". Euclid: Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
"Eucalyptus kitsoniana". APNI. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
Maiden, Joseph (1916). A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus (Volume 3). Sydney: New South Wales Government Printer. pp. 164–166. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
Stan Kelly, George McCartney Chippendale, R. D. Johnston, Eucalypts, Nelson 1969, page 42. N. Hall, Botanists of the Eucalypts: Short Biographies of People who Have Named Eucalypts, Whose Names Have Been Given to Species Or who Have Collected Type Material, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, 1977, pages 79–80

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